Matches 6,051 to 6,100 of 6,481

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6051 The Sabbath Recorder", Vol 62, No 36, p 569, June 25, 1906.
Harriet Emma Sisson Hoard, eldest of eight children of Alonzo and Patience Allen Sisson, was born in McHenry Valley, near Alfred, July 7, 1849. She died of a paralytic shock Aug. 18, 1906.
Three sisters and two brothers survive her. She was married to James W. Hoard Jan.1, 1868. Their gifted, daughter, Maud, a teacher at Alfred and Salem died in young womanhood. The only surviving child, Fred, has with his wife cared for the father and mother tenderly during their last days. She was baptized when a girl by Rev. N. V. Hull and joined the First Alfred Church, of which she has remained a faithful member. She was widely known for her kindness and her home for its hospitality. She took a great interest in the students, especially any that needed friends. She was foremost in beautifying the church and in inaugurating the project of building church parlors for its social life. She was deeply interested in the welfare of church, school and neighborhood life. Her memory will be lovingly cherished. Services at the home Aug. 21, 1906, conducted by Pastor Randolph. Text, Is. 66: 13, "As one whom his mother comforteth, so will I comfort you."
Sisson, Harriet Emma (I7070)
6052 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Family F8639
6053 The Scanton Truth, August 19, 1910; "PECKVILLE. The funeral of Mrs. Elizabeth Shone, wife of Joseph Shone, Sr., who died at her home Tuesday night, was held this afternoon at o'clock and was largely attended. The deceased was one of the best known residents of the mid - valley. She was born in Easton, Eng., fifty years ago. Her maiden name was Elizabeth Vasey and she was married thirty - four years ago, twenty - four years - of that time having been spent in Peckville. She is survived by her husband and one son, Joseph, jr., and three daughters, Mrs. Daniel Daniels, of Olyphant; Mrs. Mark Walker, of Minersville, and Mrs. Edward Wallick, of Peckville; one sister and four brothers living, namely, Joseph, of Peckville; Stephen, of Peckville; Willlam, Thomas and Margaret, who reside in England." Vasey, Elizabeth (I39525)
6054 The sketch of the life of a self-made man is always interesting, and is not without its useful lessons.
The grandfather of our subject, Ebenezer Ferrin, was a native of New Hampshire. He emigrated from the State to Concord, Erie Co., NY, and was on e of the pioneer settlers of that town. He located and cleared a farm near the village of Springville, where he closed his days in the year 1851. Upon that farm, also, his son Adna P., father of Augustine Ferrin, died in 1854, and there the subject of this notice was born, March 9, 1843.
Mr. Ferrin’s father moved to the town of Yoirshire, Cattaraugus Co., NY, about the uear 1845, but returned to the homestead farm in Erie County in 1851. He followed the pursuit oof agriculture, as had his father before him. He married (in 1842), Lucinda Sanders, daughter of William Sanders, of Erie Co., NY, but of Connecticut partentage. She died in 1861. Of this union, Augustine was the oldest child. Owing to the death of his father when young Ferrin was but eleven years of age, his advantages for acquiring an education – limited to a few years at the district school, and a few terms at the Springville Academy – were cut short. The maintenance of his mother and sisters depending largely upon his efforts, he started out in the life-sturggle at an earlier age than most youths, - being but thirteen years of age when he entered the printing office on his maternal uncle, Lucius C. Sanders, then publishing The American Citizen, at Springville. Six months later the office was sold, and the paper discontinued. Augustine returned to his books, and thus spent the year that intervened ere he entered the office of the Springfield Heald, as a apprentice to the “art preservative.: While serving his apprenticship, and with the consent of his employer, he issued from that office a small paper entitled the Penny Weekly, the labor of his own hands and brain, and the result of diligently employed leisure hours. This early manifestation of genius shows his penchant for journalistic honor.
He remained in the Herald office until August, 1962, when he enlisted in Company F, of the 116th Regiment of New York Volunteers. He accompanied the regiment to Baltimore, thence to Fortress Monroe and New Orleans, was with it at the siege of Port Hudson, and in the Donaldsonville campaign; but upon the return of the regiment to Baton Rouge, LA., he was sent to the hospital for disability, from whence he was honorably discharged in the fall of 1963. He returned to Springville December 1, and in the January following took charge of the Springville Chronicle, remaining its editor and publisher until April 1,1865, when he became the “city editor” of the well-known Buffalo Express. This honorable position he was, on account of failing health, compelled to resign in September 1965. The following year and a half were spent in efforts to regain his health. The summer of 1866 he passed on the farm of Rev. J. B. Saxe, thereby restoring his health sufficiently to justify him in returning to his chosen field of employment. He then purchased the Springville Herald establishment, and removed the press and materials to Ellicottville, where he started the Cattaraugus County Republican, the first issue of which was dated Feb. 7, 1868, he removed his officer thither.
Jan. 1, 1873, he associated with himself B. B. Weber as a partner, and a few months later they opened an office at Salamanca. The Republican thenceforward was dated at Salamanca and Little Valley, with offices at both places. In addition to the above, in February, 1876, Messre, Ferrin & Weber engaged in a pioneer newspaper enterprise in the oil region, - establishing the Bradford Semi-Weekly Era. The paper was continued as a semi-weekly until October, 1877, when it was changed to a daily issue, Mr. C. F. Persons becoming a partner in the business. To comprehend the magnitude of the enterprise of publishing a daily at Bradford, with full “press dispatches,” it must be remembered that at the time the place was but a city in embryo, and numbered less than five thousand inhabitants. The Daily Era was a success from its inception, and became at once the organ of the oil producers in the Northern oil field. In April 1877, the two first-named partners sold their interest in the Bradford establishment to Mr. Parsons.
Mr. Ferrin married (Sept 24, 1868) Miss Anna E. Weber, of Springville, NY. She died Feb. 15, 1872, and Jan. 1, 1874, he married Miss Flavilla J. Van Hoesen, Preble, Cortland Co., NY. The result of the latter union has been one son, - Augustine W. Ferrin, Jr., - and a daughter,, - Susie L. Mr. Ferrin’s residence is at Little Valley.
Thus far in his career, Mr. Ferrin has led an active and useful life, and now, in the prime of his manhood, enjoys an enviable reputation of a journalist not only in the home of his adoption, but throughout Western New York.  
Ferrin, Augustine William (I40893)
6055 The son of Thomas "The Settler" Dewey & his wife Frances, later the wife of George Phelps. Dewey married on 6 Nov 1662 at Northampton, MA to Hepzibah Lyman the daughter of Richard & Hepzibah Ford Lyman. The Deweys located at Northampton, MA about 1663 where Josiah learned the carpenter's trade and became a freeman in 1666. During King Philip's War he was a Sargent of the Guard at Westfield, MA.

He was a Quaker and in his religious discovery he says; "When I was entred into a married state I saw myself now under former ingagemnts of attending heart-searching & hearing Mr. Mather on the hearts hardness assert that there was no plague like unto that, I was affrighted there at & soon after hearing Mr. Eliot (now of Gilford) on a lecture sermon was so awakened as to resolve no longer to delay but to fall to search my own heart. But I found it hard & difficult work to keep my mind to it & sometimes I found that my heart would slip from ye work almost as soon as I was at it. So that I could find little rest."

He seems to have found that rest as he became a Deacon in the church at Westfield. In 1696 he moved to Lebanon, CT where he helped found the town, and where his name appears often in the early records. 
Dewey, Sergeant Josiah (I14474)
6056 The Stoughton Historical Society provides, on it’s website, an extract from the diary of Elijah Dunbar, who was a pastor in the town of Stoughton, Massachusetts at the time of the 1764 smallpox epidemic. Ebenezer Talbot was living in Stoughton with his family at the time of the outbreak and according to Pastor Dunbar’s entries, Ebenezer Talbot died there, from smallpox, on the 23rd day of June 1764. Talbott, Ebenezer (I31579)
6057 The third couple married in Utica,WI Family F8550
6058 The TRITAPOE surname along with the names of TRITTIPO & TRITTIPOE is derived from the name of DRITTENBACH or TRITTENBCH. The progenitor of this clan was Conrad Trittenbach (1747-1831) who immigrated with his parents, Johann Michael (1722-1771) and Anna Maria Magd Drittenbach, to the U.S. on the ship "Patience" (ship passengers were from the areas of the Palatinate and Duchy of Wirtenberg) arriving @ Phila in 1749 and settling in the Nockamixon Tp., Bucks Co, Pa. area, where Johann Michael had the remainder of this family of (5) viz: John (1752-1838); Elisabeth (1755-1795); Andrew (1757-1795); & John Michael (1759-1837), all Trittenbach's. The surname Tritte(n)bach and its variant spellings is of ancient Swiss or German origin. The earliest & largest congregation found by this author was in the Canton of Thurgau, Switzerland which borders Lake Constance and Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany to the north. The earliest U.S. spelling was Drittenbach and then alternated with Trittenbach & Trittebach and as time passed, Tritte(n)bough was being used. The "D" and "T" in German are nearly the same phonetically and are liable to strange misuse. Viewing the old German script the "h": looks like the American "f" or "g" and the "a" is open and looks like a "u", so written in a hasty scrawl, it could be taken for TRITTEBOUGH and with "b"s sounding like "p"s, it could easily be sounded as TRITTEPOUGH? Many distortions of both German & Anglo-Saxon names are due to court and other civil clerks who set down the names phonetically (as they sounded), each in his or her own individual style and fancy, often as pronounced on lips of dialect-speaking Germans who could not read or write in any language..... At any rate the U.S. families of Tritapoe, Trittenbach, Trittipo & Trittipoe, although not numerous, were divided into several clearly defined branches, according to the localities in which they resided. i.e.: TRITTENBACH's, PA; TRITAPOE's, MD, VA, WV; TRITTIPO's, IL, IN, OH; TRITTIPOE's, DC-VA area..... Conrad is believed to have married Anna Maria Magd. Brill (1754-1841) by 1772 & left Bucks for greener pastures thru Pa., Md. & across the Potomc River into Loudoun Co, Va. near the Lovettsville area, where he had the remainder of his tentative family of 10 (listed elswhere) While in this area, evidence indicates that an attempt was made to establish or stablized the spelling to "TRITTEPO". Viewing the original LDS film #0020490 (the original register was filmed in Feb. 1950, but it wasn't translated & transcribed from the German until 1970, film #0538120 of the NEW JERUSALEM EV LUTHERAN CHURCH RECORDS, Lovettsville, Loudoun Co, Va., there was a small slip of paper on the 9th unnumbered page after page "begin" turned upside down with the four words: Drittenbach; Trittenbach; Trittebo; Trittepo, spaced one word right under the other. What it actully means, I don't know other than what we've mentioned earlier, but it is certain that someone with an interest in these names left in the register and when the volume was filmed, it was included (probably inadvertently). ..... to be continued. Trittenbach, Conrad (I38993)
6059 The TRITAPOE surname along with the names of TRITTIPO & TRITTIPOE is derived from the name of DRITTENBACH or TRITTENBCH. The progenitor of this clan was Conrad Trittenbach (1747-1831) who immigrated with his parents, Johann Michael (1722-1771) and Anna Maria Magd Drittenbach, to the U.S. on the ship "Patience" (ship passengers were from the areas of the Palatinate and Duchy of Wirtenberg) arriving @ Phila in 1749 and settling in the Nockamixon Tp., Bucks Co, Pa. area, where Johann Michael had the remainder of this family of (5) viz: John (1752-1838); Elisabeth (1755-1795); Andrew (1757-1795); & John Michael (1759-1837), all Trittenbach's. The surname Tritte(n)bach and its variant spellings is of ancient Swiss or German origin. The earliest & largest congregation found by this author was in the Canton of Thurgau, Switzerland which borders Lake Constance and Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany to the north. The earliest U.S. spelling was Drittenbach and then alternated with Trittenbach & Trittebach and as time passed, Tritte(n)bough was being used. The "D" and "T" in German are nearly the same phonetically and are liable to strange misuse. Viewing the old German script the "h": looks like the American "f" or "g" and the "a" is open and looks like a "u", so written in a hasty scrawl, it could be taken for TRITTEBOUGH and with "b"s sounding like "p"s, it could easily be sounded as TRITTEPOUGH? Many distortions of both German & Anglo-Saxon names are due to court and other civil clerks who set down the names phonetically (as they sounded), each in his or her own individual style and fancy, often as pronounced on lips of dialect-speaking Germans who could not read or write in any language..... At any rate the U.S. families of Tritapoe, Trittenbach, Trittipo & Trittipoe, although not numerous, were divided into several clearly defined branches, according to the localities in which they resided. i.e.: TRITTENBACH's, PA; TRITAPOE's, MD, VA, WV; TRITTIPO's, IL, IN, OH; TRITTIPOE's, DC-VA area..... Conrad is believed to have married Anna Maria Magd. Brill (1754-1841) by 1772 & left Bucks for greener pastures thru Pa., Md. & across the Potomc River into Loudoun Co, Va. near the Lovettsville area, where he had the remainder of his tentative family of 10 (listed elswhere) While in this area, evidence indicates that an attempt was made to establish or stablized the spelling to "TRITTEPO". Viewing the original LDS film #0020490 (the original register was filmed in Feb. 1950, but it wasn't translated & transcribed from the German until 1970, film #0538120 of the NEW JERUSALEM EV LUTHERAN CHURCH RECORDS, Lovettsville, Loudoun Co, Va., there was a small slip of paper on the 9th unnumbered page after page "begin" turned upside down with the four words: Drittenbach; Trittenbach; Trittebo; Trittepo, spaced one word right under the other. What it actully means, I don't know other than what we've mentioned earlier, but it is certain that someone with an interest in these names left in the register and when the volume was filmed, it was included (probably inadvertently). ..... to be continued. Trittenbach, Johann Michael (I38997)
6060 The two Lepage brothers would be first of all first Lepage arrived to
News-France and also among most significant of share their descent who
came to the country. Born from  
LePage, Germain (I14658)
6061 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

A Critique of the LaMance Book on the Waltmans

Over the years, there have been numerous criticisms of the LaMance book The House of Waltman and its Allied Families, published in 1928, even though most researchers have begun their study of the family with her work. Future work on thn family might well begin with LaMance's work, but it should be considered that the book contained serious problems. Many of the issues cited here relate to people she described as children of Conrad Waltman. More specific commentary on them is provided in Part II and Part III of this work. Here are a few of the comments, corrections and claims about the LaMance book that have surfaced:

Conrad Waltman, the immigrant (Conrad Sr.), is not the Conrad Waltman mentioned in Pennsylvania Archives as having been in the Revolution. The Conrad Waltman who served in the war was his grandson (call him Conrad, Jr.), 1759-1785. Althou7 women have joined the DAR claiming their family history relates back to Conrad Sr., using LaMance as the source, the DAR has now suspended applications making that claim in the absence of further proof. However, women can join the DAR citing Conrad Jr. as the family ancestor. The plaque in the Kreidersville Cemetery that says Conrad Sr. (1715-1796) fought in the Revolution is not correct and unfortunately has been misleading to researchers. It has not been authorized by the DAR and is not a DAR plaque. Apparently it was supplied by the Veterans Administration on the basis of a flawed claim based in part on the LaMance book.
LaMance did not believe that a person named Conrad Jr. existed, and so he is not mentioned in her book at all, despite clear genealogical evidence to the contrary. Conrad Jr. was a son of Valentine Waltman, a son of Conrad Sr.
Peter Waltman (1779-1836) was a son of Conrad Jr., and not a son of Valentine. Peter had three siblings, all children of Conrad Jr. Both Maria Barbara Waltman, who was born in 1781 and married George Gruber, and her brother Johannes Wal, born in 1783, moved to Lycoming County. At least two researchers were exploring the details of their lives in 2008. A third sibling, Elizabeth Catherine Waltman, born in 1784. apparently also survived to adulthood.
Valentine Waltman probably was born before 1733, not in 1742, and must have come to America with Conrad Sr. in 1738. (Conrad?s twin girls, reportedly born in 1738, apparently were not his first children.) Valentine?s wife was named Catherirucker, not Catherine Bieber. It was his son, Conrad Jr., who married Catherine Bieber.
Apparently, Conrad Sr. did not have a son named Andrew/Andreus, born in 1760, as LaMance said. It appears LaMance confused him with the Andrew Waltman, born in 1765, who was the son of Valentine. There is evidence of only one Andrew of thae in the area at that time, and Katherine Waltman likely was too old to have had a child in either 1760 or 1765. The Andrew Waltman who married Margretta Zerfass and fought in the Revolution appears to have been the son of Valentine. LaMance said that Andrew the son of Valentine went to Sabuta, Mississippi, but it appears that the family member who went to Mississippi was not Andrew but John Waltman, born in 1789, a son of Andrew and Margretta.
The date of birth of Katherine Waltman that is shown on her tombstone, 1708, is probably correct. LaMance said it was wrong and should have been 1718, probably in order to make it more likely Katherine had children over such a long period ome. This may suggest that Conrad Sr. also was born earlier than 1715.
Elizabeth Waltman, daughter of Conrad Sr., who married John Dreisbach and is buried in Kreidersville, was totally omitted from the LaMance book.
These are some of the major errors that appear in LaMance?s book, and there were other small ones, mostly related to her claims regarding the children of Conrad Waltman Sr. Besides these, a major omission is any genealogical evidence of y existence of Conrad Sr. He was shown by LaMance and other researchers arriving in Philadelphia in 1738 and being present at the baptism of only one of his children, Anna Barbara, in 1745. But there is no other evidence of Conrad ? no evidence in tax records, oaths of allegiance, church attendance, baptismal ceremonies, wills, land records, burial, tombstone, or anything other records. LaMance implied Conrad lived in the Kreidersville area, but there is no evidence of it, and finding this evidence seems to be a major challenge for future researchers.

See more details of these genealogical issues in Part II of this paper.

An Interesting Puzzle. A special curiosity regarding LaMance's research is that, although she presented herself as the confident expert on the Waltmans, her 1904 book on some of her other ancestors, The Greene Family and Its Branches, d the Waltmans only very briefly. In this book of 394 pages, only pages 247-250 related to Waltmans and descendants (these pages can be viewed on the pdf version of the link above). Most surprisingly, these pages do not mention Conrad Waltman. Instead, they suggest that the progenitor of the Waltman family, Valentine Waltman of Germany, had a son, also called Valentine, who traveled to America with "Miss Bierly," and among their children was a John Waltman, whose "proud little wife" was "Anna Maria Marguerite (Surface)," and they had a son Valentine Waltman, who married Achsa Wilson. In short, this 1904 account omitted the immigrant Conrad Waltman who was the focus of her 1928 book, suggested that the Valentine Waltman who traveled to America was married to "Miss Bierly" (her second book said that it was the immigrant Conrad who married Katherine Bierly), and indicated that the man who married Margretta Zerfass was not Andrew Waltman but "John" Waltman. Thus, there were major errors in her account of the Waltmans in the 1904 book, exacerbated by her account in the 1928 book.

A question is why her 1904 account of the Waltmans was so erroneous, when she was younger (47), presumably more energetic in genealogical research, and had more recent ties to her mother and other ancestors. Since the 1928 book attributedf the Waltman information to Lora's mother and Lora's great-grandmother, Margretta Zerfass Waltman, why did they not provide her with the correct information as she developed her 1904 book? A possible explanation for this is provided by LaMance's descendant Kathy Johnson:

I think that the bulk of the Greene book was written during the latter part of the nineteenth century. Nelson Nichols (Lora's father) died in Ohio in 1865, and around 1878 Lora and her mother Kezia ended up in Missouri. This was a sparsely populated area, and with the two women in the same house there would be ample opportunity for sharing of family history. [Kezia Waltman Nichols died in 1895.] With the publication of the Greene book in 1904, the death of Lora's husband Marcus in 1906, and the marriage of her only child, there was time to concentrate on the other side of the family. Her travels for the WCTU took her all over this country, providing opportunities for research and writing. I have newspaper clippings from 1912 to 1927, from Miami to Alaska, showing her speaking engagements. I have some of her original papers on "The Southern Watkins Family," which she wrote after her son-in-law joined the family. There are 8 pages and she incorporated some of the information in the Waltman book. I imagine that family history was a lifelong passion as it is for so many.

As indicated earlier in this chapter, a fair amount of what was written by LaMance about the Waltmans was greeted with skepticism. She claimed she got the information from her mother, who got it from her grandmother, but LaMance seems teen very liberal in presenting fact and opinion regarding the immigrant Conrad Waltman and his descendants. She was contested strongly on her view that Conrad had served as a private in the Revolutionary War and on her opinion that there never was a Conrad Waltman Junior. As indicated here, Margaret Wilkins presented evidence to the DAR to try to prove that LaMance?s 1928 book had many errors. More detail on this dispute is presented at the end of the next chapter.

LaMance also received mixed reviews on genealogical work that she presented on other families, including the one on the Greene family. [66] One relating to the LeValley family included this comment on a website:

LaMANCE SPECULATIONS (in her books The Greene Family and Its Branches, and Huguenot Pedigrees, and papers in the R.I. Hist. Soc. Library and Salt Lake City). CAUTION: Lora LaMance did a lot of sloppy guessing. She mixed LeValleys with DeVolneys, Le Vallois, and de la Vals. Any LeValley information traceable to her needs further proof. [67]

Another LeValley researcher published the comment that ?Laura LaMance wrote a lot of speculative balderdash.? [68]

Lora LaMance clearly was not deterred from her genealogical mission by any of the criticism. Her book on the Waltmans remains as the main source of information for many researchers, despite the efforts of others to point out problems. Inn to the notes and ?corrections? supplied by Margaret Wilkins, the copy in the DAR library contains a pasted-in page of Errata from LaMance herself. The page noted that much new material had arrived after the first 13 chapters had been sent to the press. It said that LaMance fell and broke her right shoulder at the age of 71 and had to dictate changes to a stenographer, and some errors, presented in the errata sheet, did not get corrected. The changes, however, did not appear to affect the text relating to Valentine or Peter Waltman or their descendants. Nor was the substance changed by comments that she penciled into her copy of the book after it was published.
Waltman, Count Conrad (I8603)
6062 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

Anna Barbara Waltman was born on June 21, 1777, and baptized on June 29 at Zion Church.[31] She died on August 4, 1853, at the age of 75. She married Peter Anewalt, Senior, who had been born on November 12, 1772. He died on July 20, 1825, 28 years before Anna Barbara died. Peter Anewalt was a farmer and weaver who owned 150 acres in Allen Township and 145 acres in adjoining Lehigh Township. ?Barbara? received property from the estate of her father, Peter Waltman, in 1852. Among the children of Peter and Anna Barbara Anewalt was a Peter Anewalt (1797-1841), who married Elizabeth Bliem. The tombstones of Peter and Anna Barbara Waltman Anewalt in the Kreidersville Cemetery have erroneous dates and appear to confuse Peter with his father, Valentine Anewalt (1731-1802), who emigrated to America on the Snow Squirrel in 1761.[32] Catharine Anewalt, a daughter of Anna Barbara Waltman and Peter Anewalt, was a direct ancestor of William J. Fiedler, Jr., of New Tripoli, Pennsylvania, who in 2006 was doing research on the related families

Sponsors were Henrich Boyer (same name but not the father of Maria Elizabeth Boyer Waltman, since he had died in 1775, two years earlier) and Anna Barbara Waltmann, sister of Peter. Her tombstone erroneously said she was born on June 5, 1778, but the date of death is the same, August 4, 1853.

There is confusion about the dates and names because there is also a tombstone for an ?Barbara A. Anewalt? at Zion Church Cemetery that says she was ?born May 14, 1742, married Peter Anewalt, and died at 28, August 4, 1828.? The dates and numbers make little sense. Despite the name on the tombstone, it appears from the records that this ?Anna Barbara,? born in 1742, was not a Waltman and was not the wife of Peter Anewalt, but actually the second wife of Peter Anewalt?s father, Valentine Anewalt.

It appears that Valentine Anewalt (1731-1802) first married, in 1753, Johanna Margret Kurtz (1733-1793), and they had nine children, including Peter Anewalt (1772-1825). He then married ?Anna Barbara,? last name unknown, who was born in 1742 or 1743 and died in 1828. They had no children. See Humphrey, Pennsylvania Grave Stones, Northampton County, For People Born Before 1800, Larjon & Co., Washington DC (2000), page 8 for the confusing Anewalt tombstone records.

The marker for Conrad Waltman was placed in the Kreidersville cemetery in 1986 by William J. Fiedler, Jr., and Aaron Hower of New Tripoli and possibly other family descendants. William Fiedler is descended from several families who lived in the Kreidersville area in the 1700s ? the Waltmans, Anewalts, Dreisbachs and Howers. Bill?s father, William Jacob Fiedler (1911-1970) married Edna Saylor Hower (1911-1974), who was the daughter of Lloyd Clarence Hower (1880-1959) and a granddaughter of Thomas Hower (1854-1928). Thomas Hower?s father, Aaron Hower 1823-1867), was the son of George Hower (1798-1886), who was married to Catharine Anewalt (1802-1884). Catharine, in turn, was the daughter of Peter Anewalt (1772-1825) and Anna Barbara Waltman (1777-1853), who was a daughter of Conrad Waltman?s son John Peter Waltman (1741-1817) and his wife Maria Elizabeth Boyer (1751-1831). George Hower was the son of Johann Nicholas Hower (1751-1824) and Elizabeth Dreisbach (1762-1839). Elizabeth Dreisbach was the daughter of Simon Dreisbach, Jr. (1730-1806), granddaughter of Simon Dreisbach, Sr. (1698-1785), and the niece of John Dreisbach (1735-1796), who married Elizabeth Waltman, a daughter of Conrad Waltman, Senior. Thus, these four families were intricately intertwined. See more details in the chapter on the children of Conrad Waltman. To bring the links up to modern times, the Hower Family Reunion in 1987 welcomed as guests Minerva and Dr. Charles Waltman (1906-1995), of Easton, Pennsylvania, a prominent descendant of Conrad Waltman Senior, Valentine, Conrad Junior, Peter and Joseph Waltman 
Waltman, Anna Barbara (I28734)
6063 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

Anna Maria Waltman was baptized at Zion Church on April 8, 1779. She died on September 12, 1852, at the age of 73. A proceeding in Northampton County Court[33] in November of that year described her as a ?lutatic? (presumably it was meant to be ?lunatic?). The will of her father, Peter Waltman, dated March 25, 1816, 18 months before he died, provided that 300 pounds be left and remain a charge on his lands for the use of Anna Maria, and that after she died, the property would be distributed to his other three daughters. (His two sons already had died.) In the court proceeding, the two surviving sisters (Barbara and Magdalena) and the daughter of the other sister (Elizabeth) sold their rights to the real estate to Conrad Keck and John Miller. (LaMance created confusion on this issue. She saw the tombstone of "Maria Waltman" and erroneously believed she was the daughter of Valentine who was named "Maria Barbara.") 
Waltman, Anna Mara (I34710)
6064 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

Conrad in America
LaMance contended that Conrad's parents were heartbroken that their son would not return to Bavaria, and several times they sent him small kegs of gold to pay his transportation home. (It is not clear how LaMance knew these details,s no supporting documentation and only her claim that this information was passed down through her family, in particular her mother?s recollections of conversations with her grandmother.) [28] For four years, LaMance said, Conrad flatly refused to leave his commoner wife to return home, and his father Valentine then urged him to bring back the entire family. While they could not be presented to the court or to society, they would be made welcome at home. According to the recollections of LaMance's family, Conrad concluded that he would be humiliated if his family was ignored by the nobility when he returned. But in a spirit of reconciliation with his father, he named his most recent child, born in 1742, Valentine Waltman, after Conrad's own father. (Valentine?s birthdate is in dispute, as will be detailed in the next chapter. Some believe he was born about 1732 and came to America with his parents in 1738. Also, it is possible that Conrad's daughter Eleanor was born in Europe about 1730, and she may also have traveled to America with her parents. These possibilities raise doubts about LaMance's stories of Conrad's flight to America.)

LaMance indicated that Conrad traveled frequently to Philadelphia, basically for the purpose of gambling, but she was unclear about the location of his home. She never actually said the homestead was located in Kreidersville, but r that from her book. Kreidersville is in Allen Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania, on the border with Lehigh Township. [29] The little village is south of what at one time was Route 45. By 2006, it had been renamed Route 248. The town is about one mile east of the Lehigh River and the border with Lehigh County, about two miles north of the town of Northampton, ten miles north of Allentown, about four miles west of Bath. LaMance said that Conrad?s new home ?was a large but plain log house in a frontier land, with what he considered peasants for neighbors, and occasional Indian visitors dropping in upon him.? It is clear that family members lived near Kreidersville, for they attended Zion (Stone) Church in Kreidersville and the Emmanuelsville church only two miles away. The website of the Dreisbach Family Association at one time contained an interesting history of Zion Stone Church in Kreidersville, with photographs, but the link does not always work. See also this site. (One of Conrad Waltman's daughters, Elizabeth, married a Dreisbach.)

Various records also suggest that the family stayed in different communities, including at least one in Bucks County, possibly before reaching the Kreidersville area, as they journeyed north from Philadelphia, their port of entry, orary basis after reaching the Kreidersville area. There is evidence that they lived in Bucks County in the area around Bedminster, east of Quakertown, during the period 1745-1760. This comes from the baptism record of their daughter Anna Barbara in 1745, the marriage of their daughter Elizabeth in 1758, and the baptism of two sons of Elizabeth in 1759 and 1760. Their son Valentine reportedly married Catherine Br 
Waltman, Count Conrad (I8603)
6065 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

Eleanor Waltman apparently was married to George Lutz, although LaMance thought Eleanor's husband was Michael Lutz. LaMance said Eleanor was born in 1740, but a baptismal record in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, showed that Eleanor and George Lutz had a son in 1748. This suggests that Eleanor may have been born as early as 1730, before Conrad Waltman traveled to America in 1738, and thus Eleanor may have been born in Europe. A tax record suggests that George and Eleanor Lutz moved from Montgomery County to Berks County about 1752. Eleanor was a widow as early as 1767, and tax records show she had considerable property in Amity Township, Berks County. The last record of her life was in 1781, and she must have died after that, presumably in Amity Township. One of her children, George Lutz, Jr., died there in 1802, and her daughter Susanna Lutz Ludwig died there in 1818. LaMance believed that Eleanor and George Lutz had a daughter, Eleanor Lutz (junior), born in 1767, but no evidence of this child has been found. LaMance said that Eleanor took in two children, George and Samuel, of her brother William Waltman after William was killed during the war. However, there is doubt about whether Conrad had a son named William Waltman (see below). LaMance said that William's son George married Eleanor Lutz (junior), his cousin and foster sister, but this has not been confirmed either. LaMance said that Eleanor and family moved to Bedford County in 1790, and it was there that cousins George Waltman and Eleanor Lutz were married. But Eleanor Waltman Lutz probably was dead by that time, and records show it was another Waltman family, descended from the immigrant Emanuel Waltman, that moved to Bedford County in 1790. If there was a George Waltman who married an Eleanor Lutz, one possibility is that it did not happen in Bedford County; another is that this George Waltman was descended not from Conrad and William but from the line of the immigrant Emanuel Waltman.

There are many unknowns in the story of Eleanor Waltman, and the result is substantial confusion. The LaMance story appears to be full of errors. LaMance thought that Eleanor, a child of Conrad, was born in 1740, and that she was married to Michael Lutz, born in Switzerland in 1727.[3] Other records suggest, probably correctly, that Eleanor married a George Lutz. A baptismal record at New Hanover Lutheran Church, in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, shows that George and Eleanor Lutz had a son, Johannes, baptized in December 1748. If this is the same Eleanor and if she was about 18 when Johannes was born, the date suggests that Eleanor herself may have been born as early as 1730, before her father Conrad traveled to America, and that she was born in Europe.

There is evidence that many people named Lutz lived in Pennsylvania in this era, and LaMance appears to have attributed relationships between them that were not merited. Believing that Michael Lutz was the one who married Eleanor Waltmane said that the father of Michael Lutz was named George Lutz and that he had come to America aboard the Davy in 1738, the same ship that carried Conrad Waltman, and that therefore the Lutz and Waltman families knew each other. (At least one version of the Davy passenger list called him ?George Sutz.?) A book published in 1736 showed a Michael Lutz, born in 1697, as a member of the New Goshenhoppen Reformed Church, in Upper Hanover Township, Montgomery County. A church record showed that a Michael Lutz and his wife (Eleanor?) were sponsors at a baptism in 1756 at Tohickon Church, Bedminister Township, Bucks County. This is the same church where Conrad Waltman's daughter, Elizabeth Waltman, married Joseph Dreisbach two years later, in 1758. These records appear to show that the Waltman and Lutz families both resided in Bucks and nearby Montgomery counties and that they were acquainted at an early stage. This could have led to the marriage between George Lutz and Eleanor Waltman, but it is not clear how George was related to Michael.

It appears that Eleanor's family moved from Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, about 1752 to Amity Township, Berks County. At least three children had been born in New Hanover Township, Montgomery County -- George, Jr. (about 1746), Johann), and Susanna (1750). But George Lutz appeared in a tax record of Amity Township, Berks County, in 1752, and at least one child (Jacob in 1760) was born in Amity Township. Eleanor's husband George Lutz died before 1767, when the tax list for Amity Township showed Eleanor Lutz as a widow. This same tax record for 1767 also showed Eleanor's son George Lutz, a single man, apparently living with or near his mother. Tax records in subsequent years showed separate entries on this property for "George Lutz" and "Widow Lutz" or "Eleanor Lutz." She appeared in the tax lists up through 1781, indicating that she died after this date. The family seems to have remained in Amity Township. Eleanor's son George died there in 1802 and her daughter Susanna Lutz Ludwig in 1818. George appeared in the tax lists as late as 1785. He married Anna Regina Fritz in 1769 in the Lutheran Church in New Hanover Township (probably near the Fritz home). He died in Amity Township, Berks County, in 1802; Regina died there before 1800.

LaMance named a number of children that she said belonged to Eleanor, but they seem to belong to other Lutz families. Among the names she found, LaMance said that Hiram, Andrew Adam, George and Conrad Lutz had military records,[4]butary records for people of these names exist, there is no proof that these were children of Eleanor. Research shows there were many Lutz families in the same general area, and it is possible that LaMance simply found Lutz names in the records and attributed their parentage to Eleanor. After her book was published, LaMance made handwritten notes in her personal copy of her book. Among other things, she said that, when Eleanor Waltman Lutz?s brother William Waltman died during the Revolutionary War, Eleanor took in and raised two of his children, George Waltman and Samuel Waltman, then about 10 and 13. She said that George, born in 1769, married his cousin and foster sister, Eleanora Lutz (Junior), early in 1790. (She thus would have become Eleanor Lutz Waltman, in contrast to her mother, Eleanor Waltman Lutz.) However, no evidence has been discovered that Eleanor had a daughter named Eleanor, or that there was a marriage between Eleanor (junior) and a George Waltman. Also, doubts have arisen about the existence of a William Waltman (see below) who LaMance said was a son of Conrad and brother of Eleanor. Nevertheless, this story has been copied from LaMance by others.

A final complication is that LaMance said Eleanor and her family moved to Bedford County in 1790, and it was there that Eleanor Lutz (junior) married George Waltman. But Eleanor probably was dead by that time. It is established that des of the immigrant Emanuel Waltman, founder of a different line of Waltmans in America, moved to Colerain Township, Bedford County, from Loudoun County, Virginia, about 1790. Records indicate that some segment of the Lutz family also moved to Colerain Township from Loudoun County, over a period of years. A similar move was made by members of the Exline family, and one of them married one of the Emanuel Waltman descendants in Bedford County. The three families appear to have been part of a migration from Loudoun to Bedford counties. When LaMance was researching Waltmans in Bedford County, it seems more likely that it was descendants of Emanuel Waltman that she discovered in the records, not descendants of Conrad. Indeed, an Exline family history said that these were the only Waltmans in Bedford County at the time. There is no record that any of Eleanor's children lived in Bedford County. Also, since tax records showed Eleanor and children with substantial property in Berks County, it is more likely that Eleanor remained there rather than move to Bedford County, a substantial distance to the west. If there was a George Waltman who married Eleanora Lutz (junior), he may have been a descendant of Emanuel, or they were married in some place other than Bedford County. No evidence of such a marriage has been located.
Waltman, Eleanor (I34720)
6066 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

Elizabeth Waltman Dreisbach (1742-1821)

Conrad Waltman's daughter Elizabeth Waltman was born on July 25, 1742, according to her tombstone. This is the same year that LaMance claimed that Elizabeth's brothers Valentine and Frederick Waltman were born, but given the tombstone f Elizabeth's birth, the 1742 birthdates for Valentine and Frederick must be in error. Elizabeth married Johannes (John) Joseph Dreisbach, a member of the prominent Dreisbach family of the Kreidersville area. The Dreisbach family had been instrumental in the founding of Zion Stone Church in Kreidersville, and an interesting history of the church, with photographs, is provided in the Dreisbach Family Association website. The Dreisbachs were also closely involved with the Anewalt, Hower and Waltman families. John Dreisbach had been born in 1734, a son of the immigrant Simon Dreisbach, Sr. (1698-1785). They were married on November 14, 1758, at Tohickon Reformed Church in Bucks County, when Elizabeth was 16.

Tohickon is quite far from Kreidersville. One possible explanation for the wedding taking place there is that, four years after their arrival in America, Conrad Waltman and family might not yet have reached the Kreidersville area on theiorth from Philadelphia. Another explanation, provided by Hannah Roach, is that numerous families from Northampton County moved south temporarily due to disputes with Indians about this time, and some attended the Tohickon Church. The Dreisbachs were also prominent in the Kreidersville area, and family members appeared in Lehigh Township tax lists.

Both Elizabeth and John Dreisbach were buried at Kreidersville, further clarifying that she was part of the Waltman family discussed here. Up to 1940, there were 53 Dreisbachs, descendants of the immigrant Simon Dreisbach, buried in they at Zion Church, and at least eight of them served in the Revolution.[38] The Dreisbachs certainly rivaled the Waltman family in providing soldiers for the Revolutionary Army as well as in populating the area around Kreidersville. (Note: There is such a large interest in the history of the Dreisbach family that no fewer than 63 individuals have submitted their own versions of the Dreisbach family tree to

Elizabeth died on December 14, 1821, 25 years after John, who died on September 27, 1796. The Dreisbach family website said they had eight children. Elizabeth's sons John Adam and Simon were baptized in Tohickon in 1759 and 1760, before ed further north. However, a son, Conrad (named for her father?), was baptized at Zion Church in Kriedersville in September 1781, and the sponsors were Peter Waltman and his wife, seeming to confirm that Elizabeth was the sister of Peter. 
Waltman, Elizabeth (I34340)
6067 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

John Peter Waltman (1741-1817)

John Peter Waltman, known as ?Peter,? was born on May 9, 1741, and died on November 9, 1817, at the age of 76. (This is not the Peter Waltman, 1779-1836, of Allentown, who was the son of Conrad Waltman, Jr. and the father of Joseph Waltmston.) The dates of this Peter?s birth and death are known from his tombstone in the Kreidersville Cemetery, located next to the marker honoring his father, the immigrant Conrad Waltman. As the tombstone indicates, Peter was in the 3d Pennsylvania Battalion, Deter?s Company, during the Revolutionary War. LaMance said he was a sergeant, but the DAR records said he was a private. Although he was enrolled twice, on the first occasion someone served in his place, and the second time he was on ?inactive duty.?[25] Thus, it is not clear that he served at all. Nevertheless, he is one of the four Waltmans included in the DAR Patriot Index. A study of soldiers buried in Northampton County[26] gave this entry for Peter:
Peter Waldman, Private
Born May 9, 1741, Died Nov 7, 1817
Second Class, Seventh Company, Third Battalion
Company Commanded by Captain John Dieter
Northampton County, Militia 1782, 1783

Peter apparently was the fifth of the Waltman children, and his name appears frequently in church and official records, along with that of his brother Valentine. He apparently spent his life in the area near Kreidersville. Tax lists for ownship of Northampton County showed Peter paying taxes from 1763 (when he would have been 22) through 1788. He appeared in 1764 as a communicant at Emmanuel Lutheran Church in Petersville, about two miles northeast of Kreidersville, along with Valentine and Catharina Waltman. In 1772, he was one of the contributors to the creation of the union church at Kreidersville. The 1776 tax list showed that he owned 30 acres cleared, 20 acres of woodland, one horse, two cattle and four sheep. From 1779 through 1788, he had 120 acres of land. He was listed in the 1790 census on property that included one male over 16 (presumably himself), one male under 16, and five females.

Peter married Maria Elizabeth Boyer, who had been born on December 25, 1751. According to her tombstone in the Kreidersville Cemetery, she died in 1831, 14 years after Peter died. Tax records show that Peter was single in 1772. Peter andlizabeth were married in 1774, when he was 33 and she was 23, and had their first child in January 1775.[27]

LaMance said that although Conrad himself had married a commoner, he was offended ?when his son married what he considered a peasant?s daughter, a woman who worked in the field and helped to get in the hay.? She said Peter ?was getting to be something of a bachelor when he fell in love with this good-looking girl that could sing and laugh, spin and sew, and was famous for her bread and pies.? But in Conrad?s view, for Peter to marry Maria Elizabeth Boyer was ?quite a different thing? from his own situation. Because of the conflict between his father and his wife, LaMance said Peter could not even bring Conrad to his own home. And LaMance said that, in her pique, Maria Elizabeth prevented Peter from erecting a tombstone to Conrad after the old man died.[28] She added, however, that Peter and Maria Elizabeth made a home for Nicholas Waltman, the youngest child of Peter?s brother Frederick, after Frederick was killed in the war.

No link has been discovered between Peter?s wife, Maria Elizabeth Boyer, and the Boyers of Orwigsburg who moved to Easton in the mid-1800s, one of whom, Lewis Elmer Boyer (1869-1948), joined a Waltman in marriage. LaMance described Mariath?s family as ?fine people, good neighbors, religious almost to fanaticism, upright, honest, capable and industrious. But as firm as the rock of Gibralter itself. They were tall and blonde, some with hair of that rarest of all color, a pure gold. . . . Southern Bavaria is near Switzerland, and these Boyers were good singers. They were adept, like the Swiss, at yodel singing. They were a merry, laughing, witty set, although their high spirits sometimes alternated with the deepest melancholy.? LaMance said she could report these things because she had personally known some of these Boyers (although 150 years later!).

The father of Maria Elizabeth was Henry Beyer, who died in early 1775. A warrant from Thomas and Richard Penn, dated May 4, 1748, had provided Henry with 100 acres of land in Linn Township, in Lehigh County, about 20 miles northwest of A. And in 1769, Henry Silvius, Sr., sold to Henry Beyer 60 acres in Towamensing Township, in Carbon County north of Moore Township. Silvius had acquired that land in 1747 under a warrant by Thomas and Richard Penn. On his death, Henry Beyer left this property to his heirs, including Peter Waltman and his wife Maria Elizabeth.[29] Court records show that on April 14, 1775, the heirs to these two sites sold their rights to a total of 161 acres for 275 pounds for one and 125 pounds for the other. Besides the Waltmans, the heirs of Henry Beyer included Frederick and John Beyer.

Peter Waltman?s will, dated March 25, 1816, was written in German and proved on November 26, 1817, 17 days after he died. It mentioned his wife, Marie Elisabeth, and his children Anna Maria, Elisabeth, Barbara and Magdalena. Executors weons-in-law, Jost Straus and Peter Anewald. 
Waltman, Sergeant John Peter (I28722)
6068 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

Katherine Waltman, according to LaMance, was one of the twins born on Christmas Day in 1738. LaMance said she eloped at 15 and married Barnett Hampsher (or Hampshire). She was a mother at 16 and lived in York and possibly Lancaster Counties. ?Bernard Hamsher? was in the tax list of Shrewsbury Township, York County, in 1781, 1782 and 1788, and in the 1790 census for that township.[2] LaMance said that Katherine?s sisters Margaret and Eleanor also ran away from home, and that Katherine found husbands for them. One website said that Katherine had nine male children. One of her sons, Daniel Hampshire, married a cousin, Elizabeth Waltman, daughter of Katherine's brother Valentine (Note: this is not accurate, the Elizabeth Waltman(d/o Valentine) married Daniel Hamsher, son of Adam). Both Daniel Hampshire and Valentine Waltman were in the Allen Township tax list for 1788. LaMance thought Catherine was still alive in 1811, when she signed legal papers. 
Waltman, Katherine (I8609)
6069 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

Magdalena Waltman married Adam Lerch. She is buried in Zion Church cemetery in Kreidersville. Judging by the tombstone, she was born at the end of 1786 and died on June 7, 1869, at the age of 82.[36] The will of her father, Peter, left property to ?his three daughters, Barbara, Magdalena and Elizabeth? to share after the death of their sister Anna Maria. Under the Northampton County court order mentioned above, property in this instance was distributed to ?Magdalena Lerch.?
Waltman, Magdalena (I34713)
6070 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

Margaret Waltman married John Yonce (or Yunt or Younce), who had been born in Germany, a son of Melchior Yunt. LaMance said she was one of twins, born in 1738 on Christmas Day, just after Conrad arrived in America. Other genealogists have offered different dates for the birth of the twins. However, if their brother Valentine was born much earlier, before the trans-Atlantic trip in 1738, the twins might also have been born earlier and traveled to America with their parents. Reportedly, Margaret and John had eight children. LaMance said Margaret?s husband and sons served in the Revolutionary War. The family lived in Lancaster County and later in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. A handwritten note in LaMance?s book said John Yonce died in 1812 at the age of 97. Margaret reportedly died in Dauphin County in 1815.
Waltman, Margaret (I8605)
6071 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

Nicholas Waltman (1750?-1778). LaMance said that, at age 19, Nicholas went with his brothers to the defense of Philadelphia in 1775. This would indicate he was born in 1756. She said he died or was killed in battle during the War. LaMance said Nicholas was the favorite child of his father, and his death is what drove Conrad crazy. LaMance may not have been correct about his age. Northampton County tax lists for Lehigh Township in 1772 list "Nich's Waltman," a farmer, having paid about two and a half pounds. If this is the same person and if LaMance had his birthdate correct, Nicholas would have been only 16. It is possible that he paid taxes, but if he was a farmer and had to pay, he would have been older than 16 at the time. Genealogist Hannah Roach suggested Nicholas had been born about 1750.[7] There is a ?Nicholas Waldman? in the Pennsylvania State Archives listed as serving with the 1st German Battalion under Capt. Benjamin Weiber, but it is not clear if this was the same person. The report of the early death of Nicholas also is unclear. In 1784, a Philipp Waldmann, son of "Nicolas and wife," was baptized in Hain's Reformed Church in Lower Heidelberg Township, Berks County, the same church where children of Ludwig, brother of Nicholas, were baptized. This suggests Nicholas was still alive in 1784 and did not die during the War. 
Waltman, Corporal Nicholas (I28731)
6072 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

Peter Waltman was born on June 10, 1781, and baptized on July 8 of that year at Zion Church. He died on January 14, 1811. The church record said he died of ?magere Krampf,? which has been translated as a form of cramps. The Zion Church record said he was aged 29 years, 7 months, and 4 days. Apparently he was not married. LaMance said this Peter Waltman, born in 1781, was often confused with the Peter Waltman born in 1779. That Peter was the son of Conrad Waltman, Junior. The two Peters were only two years apart in age, and she said that because of this, their fathers also were often confused. That may have been true, although LaMance herself was confused, thinking that the Peter of 1779 was the son of Valentine rather than the son of Conrad Junior.
Waltman, Peter (I34711)
6073 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

The Battle of Fort Washington

There was only one ?Conrad Waltman? in the records of the Revolutionary War, and it is not clear if it was the immigrant Conrad (1715-1796?) or his grandson Conrad (1759-1786). In the Pennsylvania Archives, a muster roll of ?Captaimpany, Northampton County, Flying Camp, 1776,? in the War of the Revolution, [38] showed 43 privates and three officers. ?Conrad Waltman? was one of the privates. It is clear that the company was involved in the infamous Battle of Fort Washington on November 16, 1776, but it is not clear whether Conrad Waltman was then with the company, or which of the two Conrad Waltmans it was.

The senior Conrad Waltman would have been 61 in 1776. Some believe that at this age Conrad was too old for military service, and under the existing rules his service would not have been required. Some who think otherwise argue thatcal that a patriotic man aged 61 could have offered his services to help the Revolution and that, lacking military experience, he probably would have been given only the rank of private. The rule was that all fit men between 16 and 50 were required to join the militia, but the oldest in most of the companies was in his mid-30s. As best can be determined, the privates in Captain Rundio?s company were quite young, many in their teens. Peter Rundio (1738-1817) himself was 38, and his first lieutenant, Robert Brown (1744-1823), was 32.

The ?Flying Camp,? of which Conrad Waltman was a member, was created by the Continental Congress on June 3, 1776, as a mobile reserve to defend the ground between New York and Philadelphia. Flying Camp members differed from the rea by expressly accepting service outside of their home states under the command of Continental general officers. The Flying Camp militia members from Pennsylvania were enlisted only through December 31, 1776, and if they had not been captured or killed, it is likely that those in Captain Rundio?s company did not serve beyond that date. The Pennsylvania members were especially active in serving as a reserve for General Washington in protecting New Jersey for his Army, but they also served in the battles of New York, Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine, and Germantown. [39]

It was not until September 10, 1776, that the Standing Committee for the militia for Northampton County met at Easton to make major decisions regarding the company. The minutes [40] reported that Peter Rundio was appointed captain if John Hays, ?who declines going into service on account of the present troubles in his family having lately lost his Daughter, as by Colo. Dreisbach?s Letter to this Committee appears.? Robert Brown was appointed first lieutenant to Captain Rundio, Andrew Boyd (who did not appear in the later muster roll) was appointed second lieutenant, and John McDowell, Junior, was appointed ensign.

A history of Northampton County, published in 1877, said that the county was assigned a quota of 346 men for the militia, [41] and that Captain Rundio?s company of Flying Camp volunteers fought in the battles of Long Island and Fort n 1776. (The Long Island battle actually occurred in August, before Rundio became captain.) The big event at Fort Washington, on the northern tip of Manhattan Island, was described by historians as perhaps the biggest disaster of the war, and it seems clear that Rundio?s company was there. It took place on November 16, 1776.

What happened with the Flying Camp on that highly troubled day at Mount Washington is not recorded. In the confusion of the surrender of 3,000 men, it is highly likely that various military units were merged and intermingled as the ught to defend Fort Washington and then surrendered, and it is likely that unit affiliation was lost, or at least confused. One history said that Rundio?s company ?was in the battle of Long Island, and after the evacuation of New York was left in Fort Washington on the Hudson River under Col. Magaw of Chester County. On the 15th of November, Sir William Howe invested the fort and demanded an immediate surrender and after a day of hard fighting, Col. Magaw surrendered his 2,000 men to Howe . . . . Rundio?s men were imprisoned in a church and left for days without food; many died, etc.? [42]

What appears to be an official account of the battle was printed in the 1877 history of Northampton County:

November 15th, 1776. General Howe sent a flag demanding a surrender of Fort Washington, or all to be put to the sword ? an answer to be returned in two hours. Colonel McGaw, commanding on the Island, having called the Field Officers together, a Council was held, and it was unanimously agreed to return for answer that we were determined to hold the Fort to the last extremity, and to rely on General Howe?s usual clemency in being put to the sword.

November 16th. An attack having began early in the morning, continued until about 3 o?clock in the afternoon, whom the Hessians, being in possession of the hill on the north, the British, Scotch, and Hessians on the east and south, General Howe sent a second flag, with the following summons.

The Commander-in-Chief demands an immediate and categorical answer to his second summons of Fort Washington. The garrison must immediately surrender prisoners of war, and give up all their arms, ammunitions, and stores, of every kd two Field officers to these quarters, as hostages. In so doing, the General is pleased to allow the garrison to keep possession of their baggage, and the officers to have their swords.

Agreed to: J. Patterson, Adjutant General; Robert McGaw, Colonel of the Fifth Pennsylvania Battalion, Commanding at Fort Washington. [43]

William Paul Deary, a scholar of the military at that time, [44] provided a similar version of what occurred that day. He wrote that in early November 1776, it was clear that the British, having taken lower Manhattan, were going tete the capture of the island, then known as York Island. They would then advance into New Jersey from the northern tip of the island, near Mount Washington. On November 12, American reinforcements were sent forward from Fort Lee, across the river in New Jersey, including 840 from the Pennsylvania Flying Camp. The effect was to increase the Mount Washington garrison by half, to a little over 3,000 men by the morning of November 16. The British and Hessians were coming in superior numbers, about four to one, but General Washington and his colleagues, meeting on boats in the middle of the Hudson River on the night of November 15, decided to hold their positions and not withdraw their troops. By the morning of November 16, the garrison on Mount Washington, led by Colonel Robert Magaw, consisted of about 1,300 continental regulars, 1,100 from the Pennsylvania Flying Camp militia, and about 600 state troops from Pennsylvania and Connecticut. The Flying Camp group included full regiments led by officers Baxter and Swope, and it appears that the Baxter contingent included Captain Rundio?s company.

By 1 p.m. on November 16, Deary wrote, after five British attacks on Mount Washington on three fronts, nearly all of Magaw?s garrison had been driven into Fort Washington itself or its perimeter. Surrender talks began before 2 pt 3 p.m., and at 4 p.m. the garrison marched out and laid down its arms. In the fighting, only 54 Americans had been killed and 100 wounded. British General Howe later reported that 2,837 prisoners were taken, of whom 230 were officers. General Washington and three other generals actually had been on York Island in the morning, but they left in time to avoid becoming casualties themselves.

Deary wrote that the name ?Battle of Fort Washington? is ?misleading, since the small earthwork pentagon that overlooked the Hudson River atop Mount Washington served no purpose except to provide temporary and illusory shelter for thefenders.? He said the battle was ?commonly regarded as the worst defeat for American arms during the eight-year war for independence.? [44] The British moved on. If the Mount Washington garrison had been evacuated in advance, the three thousand men there would have been able to join Washington?s army in New Jersey. Deary said that ?Generals George Washington and Nathanael Greene have long been regarded as the American parties most responsible for the debacle on upper York Island.? However, the battle never received the attention it deserved because the Americans recouped with victories at Trenton on December 26 and Princeton on January 2, and Fort Washington was largely overlooked by historians.

The British apparently were ill-prepared to house and feed the 3,000 prisoners they took at Fort Washington. Many were marched to lower Manhattan where they were incarcerated aboard the infamous prison ships, in churches, in a n one or more sugar warehouses. Both the churches and the prison ships were reported to be horrible places, lacking in food and water. Many prisoners died, and others became very ill. Deary quoted one historian as saying that when an exchange of some of the prisoners occurred on May 6, 1778, ?of the three thousand who were captured at Fort Washington, but eight hundred were reported as still living.? [45]

However, other accounts indicate that a number of the soldiers were paroled. Deary said that most of the officers taken in battle, if not seriously ill or gravely wounded when captured, were put under loose house arrest, at first inty and later on western Long Island, and most survived until they were paroled or exchanged. There is much information about the battle on the internet. For a sampling, search on "Battle of Fort Washington."

What Happened to Rundio?s Company? The details of what happened to Captain Rundio?s company ? and to Conrad Waltman ? are not known. The muster role of the company listed Rundio as captain, Robert Brown as First Lieutenant, John McDign, and 43 privates, including Conrad Waltman. Altogether, they were 46. Lieutenant Brown was definitely one of those captured, which suggests that the entire company was at risk. Mrs. William Brown, of Bethlehem, a daughter-in-law of Lieutenant Brown, provided the author of the 1877 history of Northampton County with a framed certificate in which Brown and his colleagues, writing from the prison ship Judith, pledged to British General Clinton that if released they would not challenge the British authorities. This was understood to permit Brown and others to be paroled. The date of the document is December 10, 1777, which indicates that the group had been imprisoned for more than a year. [46] Brown?s text is as follows, misspellings from the original:

We wose names are hereunder written do pledge our faith & Honour to Genl. Clinton that wee will not depart from ye house wee are plaised in by the Commisary of Prisoners; nor go beyond the Bounds Prescribed by him, and farther that wee will not do or say anything Contrary to the Interest of his Majesty or his Government. [47]

Robert Brown

On Board of ye ship Judith, Decem?r 10, 1777.

It is not clear how many men were covered by this document, or who they were. The certificate held by Mrs. Brown did not show the names that Lieutenant Brown said were ?hereunder written.? Nor is it clear if the men had to remain ip or could walk about freely. An applicant to the DAR in 1918 wrote that Lieutenant Brown had been able to pursue his previous trade as a blacksmith and thus was able to earn money to provide food and other necessities for his men. A profile of Robert Brown, who was later promoted to general, written for the 1877 Northampton County book, described the event this way: Brown had been captured at the surrender of Fort Washington on November 16, 1776. He and his companions had fought for 48 hours without food or water, and when their ammunition was gone, they surrendered. Along with 2,000 others, they were held in a church in New York, where two or three hundred died. Although he was let out on parole, Brown was not released until January 25, 1781 ? more than four years after the battle -- when he returned to Northampton County. [48] Later he was a prominent citizen, elected to the Fifth United States Congress from Northampton County and reelected seven times, serving from 1798 to 1815.

Another account of the prison ship Judith is provided in the story of a famed French volunteer named Dubouchet, who was put aboard the Judith a year later, in October 1777, but apparently during the time that Lieutenant Brown was on

In New York he was consigned to the prison ship Judith, a floating hell, stinking, swarming with vermin, ridden with dysentery, scurvy, the itch. It was very cold weather, and many had their feet frozen. The five hundred prisoners were released from the ?foul cloaca? of the hold at fixed hours, to breathe. ?Even the air was measured out to us.? The prisoners could hardly hope to survive more than a few months. At the daily distributions of loathsome food, feeble struggles took place. ?Woe to him who was too weak to drag himself to the food-issue! He was counted as dead.?

Dubouchet subsisted for twenty-four hours on a piece of bacon and a little oatmeal flour, which he cooked on a shovel. Many committed suicide. When one desperate man jumped overboard the British captain shouted: ?Let him alone! He insists on dying; you must not use force on anyone!? [49]

There is no way to determine if Conrad Waltman was among the group captured with Lieutenant Brown. Nor is there a way to determine if all of the 46 soldiers on the muster roll were actually present at the battle. It is possible thaas taken at some earlier time as simply a general account of those who were once part of Captain Rundio?s company. It does not appear to be a post-battle ?return.?

What Happened to the Men in Captain Rundio?s company? There are two sources of information. One is the Pennsylvania Archives listing, which indicated that nine of the 43 privates died shortly after their capture, between December d January 14, 1777. Their names on the muster roll of Rundio?s company are followed by ?d. [date].? For example, the listing for one of the nine reads ?Jacob Moritz, d. Dec. 28, 1776.?

The second source is an apparently official document, forwarded to the editor of the 1877 Northampton County history. This is in two parts. The first is a list of Captain Rundio?s Company which is virtually identical with the list os in Pennsylvania Archives, except that the order of names and some of the spellings vary, suggesting the second list may have come from a different source. The other part is headed ?A list of those that died in their imprisonment in New York, 1776.? This list includes ten men, not nine, adding John Dull, who died on January 4, 1777. This full list is as follows:

December, 1776

John Christian, December 25th; Jacob Moritz, 28th; John Diffenderfer, 29th; Benjamin Swartwood, 3d of January, 1777; Ned Lafferty, 4th do [ditto]; John Dull, 4th do; Pharo McGee, 9th do., Jacob Warner, 9th do.; John Handelong, 11th dimer, 14th do.

(Signed) John McDoawl, Ensign, 30th

Endorsed: A list of Captain Rundio?s Company, by Andrew Boyd

The signing of the list is curious. Ensign McDowell seems to have signed it on December 30, 1776, which would have been the day before the term of service for the Flying Camp expired, but the deaths covered by the list continue up t. Andrew Boyd, who ?endorsed? the list, was the man appointed Second Lieutentant in Captain Rundio?s Company at the meeting of the Standing Committee in Easton on September 10, 1776, but his name did not appear on either list of Rundio?s company.

If these lists are correctly interpreted, within eight weeks of the fall of Fort Washington, nine or ten of the 46 men in Rundio?s company had died ? nearly 25 per cent! ? apparently either from wounds of the battle or from illness oment.

However, there is evidence that some of these suggestions of deaths in the Pennsylvania Archives were not correct. At least three of the ten who were reported to have died were still living in the 1800s.

* Isaac Shimer, a private, is listed in the Archives as ?promoted to Lieut. of Capt. Arndt?s Company; d. Jan. 14, 1777.? The well-regarded register of officers in the war, by Francis Heitman, [50] apparently agreed with this conclusion of ey death. It gave this entry for Shimer: ?Isaac Shimer (PA), 3d Lt of Baxter?s PA Battalion of the Flying Camp, 9th July 1776; wounded and taken prisoner at Fort Washington, 16th Nov, 1776 and died shortly afterward.? However, a website of the Shimer family said that after the war, Isaac Shimer became a justice of the peace in Williams Township, Northampton County, and that he lived from 1749 to 1838. This suggests he was 27 when the war began and that the reports of his death in early 1777 were exaggerated. [51]

* Jacob Warner, a private, listed in the Archives as having died on January 9, 1777, is shown in the DAR Patriot files as having died in Nazareth in 1820, at the age of 78. He had been born in 1741, and was thus 35 when the war began. [52]

* John Dull, a private, is recorded, as noted above, as having died on January 4, 1777. However, the on-line card file of the Pennsylvania State Archives shows that he was still alive in 1781, when he did another tour of military duty. Conutors to the OneWorldTree program of said he was born in 1753 and died in 1835, not in 1777. He would have been 23 when the war began. There are 37 members of the DAR who trace their lineage to John Dull, far more than those who claimed Conrad Waltman as a patriot ancestor.

Regarding the officers:

* Colonel Magaw, who was in charge of the entire garrison at Fort Washington, was captured and paroled. Apparently, the conditions were not severe for him. He was a bachelor, and he had time and opportunity to court and marry his future , Marieta van Brundt, the teenage daughter of a prominent Kings County resident. [53]

* Colonel Baxter, who supposedly had charge of Rundio?s company at Fort Washington, was reported by Heitman to have been killed in the battle on November 16, 1776.

* Lieutenant Brown, as noted above, was not released for four years.

* Ensign McDowell, who signed the list of the deceased quoted above, apparently was promoted after being appointed to Captain Rundio?s company. Heitman identified him as captain of Montgomery?s battalion of the Flying Camp, July to December6, and Lieutenant Colonel in the Pennsylvania Militia, 1777-78. It appears he was not captured.

* Captain Rundio was back at home taking the oath of allegiance in Northampton County on August 8, 1777, nine months after the surrender of Fort Washington, which suggests he was not taken prisoner and perhaps did not even participate in thetle. Peter Rundio apparently got the job by default, as noted above, when at age 38, he was appointed captain as a replacement for John Hays. Four years after coming home to take the oath, in 1781, Rundio was recorded as a member of the Northampton County militia, not as a captain but as a drummer, suggesting that leading men into battle was not his forte.

Was Conrad Waltman Involved? No one is known to have claimed that Conrad Waltman was taken prisoner, but if he was present, he may well have been captured, given the reports of the events of November 16. However, one can speculate, if he was captured, may have escaped or been released before Lieutenant Brown was released. If it was the elder Conrad who was involved, it is possible that he was simply enrolled in the battalion and then sent home because of his mental disability, as LaMance claimed, without having participated in any battles. If Conrad Junior was the man mentioned in the Pennsylvania Archives, it is clear that he was back in Northampton County shortly after the battle, at least by the time his son Peter was conceived in May of 1778, six months later, and by the time he was married on September 15, 1778.

Indication that the soldiers in the Flying Camp may have been younger (and therefore that this was the younger Conrad) comes from the testimony of a Frederick Nagel, of Allen Township, who was only 15 in 1776. [54] Although his namepear with Captain Rundio?s company, Nagle clearly came from the same area as the other recruits. Nagle testified in court in 1837, 61 years later, in quest of a pension relating to his service. He said that at that time he came from Allen Township, that in June 1776 he had become a volunteer in the Flying Camp, enlisting in Lehigh Township under Jost Dreisbach. He had marched into Moore Township and joined the company commanded by Captain Nicholas Kern. They in turn joined with other companies in Easton, under the command of Colonel Peter Kichline, and then went to New York.

On August 26, Nagle said, his group joined still other forces and went to Long Island in boats. The next morning, the battle commenced, he said, and the British came so hard that the colonel ordered a retreat. Nagle said he was ta, along with about 700 others, and they were kept in churches and fed on only green apples. About the first of October 1776, they were put on a British ship, the Julianna, and at the end of October, they were offered a release if they would swear that they would not take arms again, but Nagle and several others refused. They were then taken to Halifax, where they remained for more than two years. He was discharged after being released and reaching Windsor. The story of this Flying Camp battalion is similar to that of Captain Rundio?s company, but the event that Nagle described was earlier, on August 26, and the one attributed to Lieutenant Brown was on November 16, 1776. The ship names also differed, although they were similar: Julianna for Nagle in August, and Judith for Brown in November.

Much attention has been given to the prison ships used by the British in the War. One article claimed that ?more Americans died in British prison ships in New York Harbor than in all of the battles of the Revolutionary War. . . . Thholes of filth, vermin, infectious disease and despair. The ships were uniformly wretched . . . .?

Which "Conrad Waltman" was in the Flying Camp?

LaMance was clear she thought it was Conrad Senior who was in the war. She wrote that at that time Conrad?s brain was troubled because of his family difficulties, and that melancholia gripped him. [56] However, she said, ?old as hey, 1776, when he was 61, he joined the Flying Squadron to repulse the British in New Jersey and Long Island. . . . But it was soon evident that there were too many ?wheels? in his head for a soldier, so he was dismissed and sent home.? She concluded that ?the old Count not only joined the army himself, but all eight of his sons served in the Revolutionary War, three sons-in-law, and sixteen grandsons. We doubt if there is another American family that has a record that equals it.? While there may be doubt about Conrad, it appears to be correct that, at least, eight people, possibly all sons of Conrad, served in the military during the war.

In 1926, when LaMance applied for DAR membership on the basis of the patriot status of ?Baron Conrad Waltman,? she justified it by citing the Pennsylvania Archives record. Her application said there were ?27 soldiers from this one frved in the Revolutionary War, a record without equal in the War.?

It was undoubtedly because of LaMance?s claims that ?Ripley?s Believe It or Not,? a popular newspaper cartoon of the mid-1900s, carried a sketch of Conrad Waltman on February 13, 1941. [57] The cartoon, printed in hundreds of newss the country, said this:

Family descendants who accepted these conclusions placed in the Zion Church Cemetery in Kreidersville, about 1986, a metal marker honoring the senior Conrad Waltman (1715-1796). Immediately next to the marker for Conrad is a German-language tobstone and an English-language metal marker for ?Peter Waldmann.? This is the John Peter Waltman, known as ?Peter,? who was a son of Conrad Senior. Conrad would have been 26 when Peter was born. The markers for Conrad and Peter are about 20 yards beyond the southeast corner of the church, and in 2007 each had a bronze marker and an American flag.

Conrad was believed by LaMance and others to have been buried in the same churchyard, but no grave has been located. However, LaMance also said that Conrad?s son John Peter was the one who established the tombstone for his mother but he did not do so for his father because of the grudge between his wife and Conrad, who never accepted the common low status of Peter?s wife. [58] This seems odd, since LaMance also said that Conrad died at the home of Andrew Waltman, who she argued was also a son of Conrad, and if that were true (apparently it is not),one might think that Andrew would have been the one to erect a stone to his father. Family researcher William Fiedler [59] said he understood that Conrad was buried in a pauper?s grave toward the back of the Kreidersville cemetery, but there is no written evidence for this. An expert on the cemetery said that, if Conrad?s name had been found among the stones or records, it would appear in the church record of burials, but it does not. (The ?Burial Record? published by the church said that the committee that compiled the list of burials found 478 ?unknowns.? They were graves with sandstone markers bearing no inscription. Later, when the graveyard was improved, these stones were removed.)

In any event, the marker that honors Conrad is simply a memorial of honor and not a tombstone or a place of burial. Genealogists with the Daughters of the American Revolution said that a study of the men and women buried in the cee Zion Church in Kreidersville, first copied in 1937 and then revised in 1943, did not mention a Conrad Waltman. The same is true of the church?s own list of burials, compiled in 1940.

Although some observers believed that the plaques honoring Conrad and John Peter were placed there by DAR staff, one of the people responsible for installing them, William Fiedler, [60] said that the plaques were requested of the Fedent through the military affairs office of Northampton County. Fiedler and others presented documentation to certify the participation of Conrad Waltman in the Revolution, and the county forwarded this to Washington and obtained the plaques. DAR staff said that, since about 1985, the DAR has required verification of information placed on its cemetery markers. The plaque in honor of Conrad had not been verified with the DAR, and the DAR said it would not verify it in 2006 without further proof of Conrad?s service. In any event, the marker is not a DAR plaque.

It is understood that the documentation submitted to the Northampton County office to justify issuance of the bronze plaque consisted, in part, of submission of the Pennsylvania Archives listing of a ?Conrad Waltman? as a private in lso submitted was a copy of a letter of May 4, 1928, from the Archivist of the Pennsylvania State Library and Museum, certifying that the name of ?Conrad Waltman appears as a Private on a Muster Roll of Captain Rundio?s (Rundis) Company of Northampton County Militia, Flying Camp, 1776, in the War of the Revolution,? and citing the pages in Pennsylvania Archives where the name appeared. [61] Although those who believe this letter certified that Conrad Senior was the one who was in the War, in fact the letter said only that a person by the name of Conrad Waltman was on the roll, and thus it left open to interpretation which of the two Conrads was the one on that list.

Also noteworthy is a large plaque placed in front of the Zion Church in 1931 by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the Liberty Bell Chapter of the DAR. [62] It says: ?This tablet is in commemoration of the services of Revolutionarrs buried in Zion?s Stone Church Cemetery, Kreidersville, PA. This marker is dedicated in grateful recognition of their patriotism, valor and fidelity.? The tablet contains 60 names, one of which is ?Peter Waldman, May 9, 1741 ? Nov. 9, 1817.? This is the only Waldman/Waltman on the plaque. There is no Conrad, which suggests either that the compilers of the list did not believe Conrad served in the War or that he is not buried in that cemetery, or both.

Another consideration is the genealogical study of the Bieber/Beaver family, which attributed the military service mentioned in Pennsylvania Archives to the younger Conrad Waltman (1759-1785) but said (incorrectly) that the youngs a son of the immigrant Conrad. The 1939 book, on page 651, in a list of the children of Michael Bieber (1740-1832), said this:

Catherine Bieber, born October 29, 1761. She was confirmed ?Jubilate, 1776? (viz., Lutheran record, Zion?s (Stone) church, Kreidersville, Pa.) m. Sept. 15, 1778, to Conrad Waltman, Jr., b. Feb. 7, 1759, d. Dec. 3, 1785 (viz., Christ church record, Shoenersville, Pa.) Conrad Waltman, Jr., was a son of the Immigrant Conrad Waltman. Conrad Waltman resided in a portion of Northampton Co. designated ?Trockenland,? i.e., dry land, so called because in dry spells it was exceedingly felt, even causing earth to crack. The exact spot is not known to me, but was around Shoenersville or Catasaqua region. [63]

Conrad, Jr., was a Revolutionary War soldier, viz., Penna. Archives, Fifth Series, Vol. III, p. 537, and Vol. XXIII, p. 455. Issue 2 sons and 2 daughters.

Applications to the DAR

The genealogist Margaret Wilkins first applied for membership in the DAR in 1943 based on the assumption that she was descended from Conrad Senior and that he had been a private in the Revolutionary War. She then said her line ran fown through his son Valentine, and Valentine?s son Peter. However, she wrote to the DAR on October 10, 1950, to provide a page of corrections to the LaMance account. Peter was the son of Conrad Junior, she said, and not the son of Valentine. Conrad Junior, according to Wilkins? changed DAR application, was the son of Conrad Senior, and Valentine was not included in her line. (Dorothy Waltman Ware?s application to the DAR in 1978 said the same thing.)

Further, Wilkins wrote in 1950, it was wrong for LaMance to say that ?the old Count not only joined the army himself,? since it was Conrad Junior who had been mentioned in the Pennsylvania Archives and not Conrad Senior. Wilkins? pations was pasted inside the copy of the LaMance book in the DAR library in Washington ? possibly by Wilkins herself ? and it was still there in 2006. The page was also included in the library?s Conrad Waltman patriot file.

Byron Waltman wrote in 1962 that the LaMance claim that Conrad Senior was a member of Washington?s army at the age of 61 had been recorded in the DAR as an error, the name being confused with that of Conrad Junior. The 2003 edition atriot Index included four Waltmans who had been designated as ?patriots? ? Andrew, Conrad Junior, Michael and Peter -- but did not include Conrad Senior. [64]

The record on Conrad Waltman Senior at the DAR Library in 2006 said, in one computer file, ?Patriot Deleted.? A newly established computer file on Conrad Senior was then marked ?FAMPCS? ? Future Applicants Must Prove Correct Services meant was that, although, as of March 2006, the DAR had approved the membership of 17 individuals who based their applications on the presumed participation of Conrad Waltman Senior in the Revolutionary War, it would accept no more unless it was proven that Conrad Senior actually had participated in the War. [65] Nine of these 17 members (including LaMance) had traced their lineage through Andrew Waltman (believing him, apparently erroneously, to be a son of Conrad) , four through his daughter Margaret, one through his son John Peter, one through his son Hiram Michael, and two through his ?son? Conrad Junior (Wilkins and Ware), although it appears that Conrad was not the son of Conrad Senior either.

Following the interaction with Margaret Wilkins, the DAR decided to accept applications based on the participation of Conrad Junior in the war, accepting the view that the Pennsylvania Archives was referring to Conrad Junior and not nior. In 2006, there were four DAR members who had based their applications on the patriot status of Conrad Junior, including Margaret Wilkins (after she revised her application) and Dorothy Ware (both through Joseph Waltman, son of Peter Waltman), genealogist Irene Diehl Konrad, of Florida (through Mary Waltman Meyer, a daughter of Peter), and Pamelia Trupiano Bennett Carter, of Michigan (through Rebecca Waltman Hinckle, another daughter of Peter).

The evidence may be considered inconclusive regarding Conrad Senior?s service in the War, but it would appear very difficult for future DAR applicants to prove that he was in fact the private listed in the Pennsylvania Archives. Thegainst Conrad Senior having been in the War are these:

-- the belief that he was too old at 61 to have joined (even though it has been shown that some men aged 60 and older were involved in the War);

-- the belief that, between two men with the same name, it was more likely that the other Conrad Waltman, then 17, was the actual participant. (Evidence of the participation of 15-year-old Frederick Nagle, above, strengthens this the youthful age of several other members of Capt. Rundio?s company. If the older Conrad had been born in 1705, as argued by those who believe his wife was born in 1708, as written on her tombstone, then he would have been 71 in 1776, clearly beyond military age.)

-- the Beaver genealogy, which clearly says Conrad Junior was the private in the War;

-- the concurrence of later genealogists in these viewpoints;

-- the absence of research findings demonstrating the presence of Conrad Waltman Senior in normal genealogical records;

-- the lack of solid verification for the Kreidersville Cemetery marker asserting that Conrad Senior was the ?Conrad Waltman? who was a private in the War;

-- the decision of the DAR staff to delete Conrad Senior as a ?patriot? and to require further proof before revising that view; and

-- the DAR decision, after considerable research, to allow applicants to base their lineage instead on the military service of Conrad Junior.

DAR officials concede that they are not omnipotent and that the information in a DAR file is not necessarily dispositive of the military status of a presumed patriot. Despite this caveat, it must be said that most of the DAR recordluable in examining the information developed by others in their genealogical research and in providing clues for further examination. The DAR staff clearly has become stricter as time proceeds in regard to the degree of proof it requires. All of the genealogical issues are open to further debate and proof, but it would not be easy to prove a different result for Conrad Senior.
Waltman, Count Conrad (I8603)
6074 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

The Genealogical Problems

Genealogists have focused on several major issues relating to the Waltman family:

* First is the question of whether the ?Conrad Waltman? who is recorded as serving as a private in the Revolutionary War was the immigrant Conrad Waltman (1715-1796) or a later Conrad Waltman (1759-1785).

* Second is whether the younger Conrad Waltman (referred to here as Conrad Junior) was a son of the first one. Some believe he was. Some believe he was a son of Valentine Waltman, who was a child of the first Conrad Waltman (Conranior), and that therefore Conrad Junior was a grandson of the first Conrad. LaMance believed the second Conrad Waltman did not exist at all.

* Third is the question of when Valentine Waltman was born, and where. LaMance said he was born in 1742 in America, but genealogist Hannah Roach thought he must have been born before 1733, although this is before the immigrant Conraltman traveled to America in 1738.

* Fourth is whether Peter Waltman (1779-1836) was the son of Valentine Waltman or of Conrad Waltman, Junior.

As will be indicated below, the answers appear to be these:

Conrad Waltman Junior (1759-1785) definitely existed.

Peter Waltman (1779-1836) definitely was the son of Conrad Waltman Junior.

Conrad Waltman Junior probably was the son of Valentine Waltman.

Conrad Waltman Junior (1759-1785) most likely was the ?Conrad Waltman? who was in the Revolutionary Army, and not Conrad Waltman Senior (1715-1796).

Valentine Waltman?s birthdate and birthplace remain a mystery, although he clearly lived in the Schoenersville area, north of Allentown, southeast of Kreidersville.

The whereabouts of Conrad Waltman Senior (1715-1796) during his lifetime remain a mystery. LaMance is the only person to claim evidence of his life, and all of that seems to be hearsay. 
Waltman, Count Conrad (I8603)
6075 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

The Genealogical Problems

Genealogists have focused on several major issues relating to the Waltman family:

First is the question of whether the ?Conrad Waltman? who is recorded as serving as a private in the Revolutionary War was the immigrant Conrad Waltman (1715-1796) or a later Conrad Waltman (1759-1785).

Second is whether the younger Conrad Waltman (referred to here as Conrad Junior) was a son of the first one. Some believe he was. Some believe he was a son of Valentine Waltman, who was a child of the first Conrad Waltman (Conranior), and that therefore Conrad Junior was a grandson of the first Conrad. LaMance believed the second Conrad Waltman did not exist at all.

Third is the question of when Valentine Waltman was born, and where. LaMance said he was born in 1742 in America, but genealogist Hannah Roach thought he must have been born before 1733, although this is before the immigrant Conraltman traveled to America in 1738.

Fourth is whether Peter Waltman (1779-1836) was the son of Valentine Waltman or of Conrad Waltman, Junior.

As will be indicated below, the answers appear to be these:

Conrad Waltman Junior (1759-1785) definitely existed.

Peter Waltman (1779-1836) definitely was the son of Conrad Waltman Junior.

Conrad Waltman Junior probably was the son of Valentine Waltman.

Conrad Waltman Junior (1759-1785) most likely was the ?Conrad Waltman? who was in the Revolutionary Army, and not Conrad Waltman Senior (1715-1796).

Valentine Waltman?s birthdate and birthplace remain a mystery, although he clearly lived in the Schoenersville area, north of Allentown, southeast of Kreidersville.

The whereabouts of Conrad Waltman Senior (1715-1796) during his lifetime remain a mystery. LaMance is the only person to claim evidence of his life, and all of that seems to be hearsay. 
Waltman, Count Conrad (I8603)
6076 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

The records of Valentine?s appearances in services at Christ Lutheran Church in Schoenersville show that, after Catherine Br 
Brucker, Magdalena (I34680)
6077 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

The Story of the Davy
The LaMance story is that, like many of his Frundsberg ancestors, Conrad fell in love with a commoner, Katherine Bierly, born in 1718 in Bavaria. LaMance said their marriage would have been illegal in Germany, due to the rule of ebr equal birth. ?Royalty could not marry nobility, and nobility could not marry commoners. The Bierlys were commoners.? [17] Both Katherine?s parents, who were very religious, and Conrad?s parents strongly opposed a marriage.

Frustrated by this opposition, in 1738, when she was 20, Katherine and a maid fled to Holland. (Five of her siblings had already sailed to America.) Conrad met Katherine there shortly afterward, and they were married, according to fusing the urgent pleas of his parents to return to Bavaria, LaMance wrote, Conrad took Katherine to Amsterdam, and in July of 1738 they sailed aboard the vessel Davy, commanded by William Patton. [18] On the 25th of October, 1738, they arrived in Philadelphia, and in time traveled northward to the eastern portion of Pennsylvania near what today is Allentown. [19] Conrad signed the list of passengers with an ?X? (his mark). [20] LaMance wrote that, after their arrival in America, ?now Katherine was a legal wife. None too soon, for late in the year she gave birth to twins.? The twins, Katherine and Margaret, were born on Christmas Day, 1738.

The year 1738, when Conrad Waltman sailed, has been reported as a devastating year for trans-Atlantic travel. Large numbers of Germans, especially from the Palatine, converged on Holland anticipating ship transportation to America. ept in holding areas for long periods of time, and many became ill before being sent on to England. Often they were transferred to other ships for the passage across the Atlantic. A newsletter entitled Beyond Germanna [21] has provided some of the ?horror stories of sufferings and death? aboard these ships.
There had been a steady increase in the number of Germans sailing for Philadelphia ? 268 in 1735, 736 in 1736, and 1,528 in 1737, according to a report in this newsletter. Despite this, shippers were not ready for the massive numbs who sought to sail in 1738. The report said that the first wave of Palatines in 1738 reached Dutch territory in April and was sent to a holding area near St. Elbrecht?s chapel below Kralingen. The ships did not begin moving until June, and in the meantime much disease had broken out among the prospective passengers at Kralingen, who were by then called the ?Kralingers.? Exceptional crowding then occurred within the ships. Upon arrival in Philadelphia, the captains of four ships reported the combined deaths of 425 people during the crossing. Another report said that most of the deaths were blamed on dysentery, head sickness and violent fever. A letter dated October 18, 1738, from Philadelphia, a week before the Davy arrived, said that about 1,600 people had died on the 15 ships that had arrived so far that year. Writers in Philadelphia called 1738 the Year of the Destroying Angels.
The Davy, which carried Conrad Waltman, left Amsterdam for Cowes, in southern England, in July, and then crossed the Atlantic, and it was part of this series of ships that was afflicted in this way. One might assume that Conrad Wale his wealth, could have been among the Kralingers who had to face this ordeal. The document cited above, Beyond Germanna, included this paragraph, in part drawn from the Pennsylvania Gazette:
The ship Davy qualified in the port of Philadelphia on October 25th. The next day the Gazette revealed the horrible story of the voyage. The captain, both mates and 160 passengers died at sea. It was the ships carpenter, William Patton, who bought the ravaged vessel up the Delaware. Patton listed 74 men, 47 women and no children as the remaining passengers but only 40 of the men were well enough to come to the courthouse. In this context, the Gazette commented for the first time on the general situation, Most of the Ships which bring Dutch Passengers this Year have been visited with a Sickness that has carried off great numbers.

Most reports of the arrival of the Davy in Philadelphia identified William Patton as the captain, but if the report above is correct, Patton was actually the ship?s carpenter and was only captain by default after the real captain pere are differing reports on how many people were on board the Davy. The report here said a total of 121 ? 74 men and 47 women. The classic book on Pennsylvania German Pioneers, by Strassburger and Hinke, provided lists of the names of immigrants into Philadelphia. It said there were 141 passengers on the Davy, including 94 men and 47 women. Another report listed 95 people on the Davy, all men. [23] Still another said there were 180 passengers, but it provided a list of only 40 names. [24] If the account above is correct, these 40 might have been the ones who were well enough to go to the courthouse to take the oath of allegiance. Of these, one was ?Conrad Waldman,? and he was one of 18 who signed with an ?X? and had their names written by a clerk.

Where was Katherine? LaMance contended that Conrad Waltman?s wife, Katherine Bierly Waltman, journeyed to America with him aboard the Davy. But did she? There is no Katherine on any list of the Davy?s passengers. There are only m

Normally, the absence of female names on a ship?s passenger list would not be surprising, since it was the practice in the mid-1700s that these lists contained the names of only the males over age 16. It was much later in that centun and children were regularly included in the lists. However, the organization ProGenealogists, a family history research group in Utah, has begun to publish on its website passenger lists from this period that include some names of women and children, [25] and it has published a list for the Davy that includes women. Its website in early 2006 said the Davy carried a total of 141 -- 94 men and 47 women. Its list included the names of children aged as young as six months, which would indicate that the Gazette quotation above (?no children?) was not correct. It also included names of female passengers. Most interesting was that its list of females on the Davy did not include ?Katherine Waldman? or any other ?Katherine? (except for two unrelated children with their parents), nor did it include any ?Bierly.? This raised the question of whether Conrad and Katherine actually sailed on the Davy together, whether they ran to Holland and then together to Philadelphia, as LaMance said.

The ProGenealogists explanation of its inclusion of the names of some women and children, and the non-listing of others, is that its lists began with the Strassburger and Hinke lists of males over 16 and then added women and childrent only to the extent that accepted research by other genealogists had verified that those women and children had been aboard. No official record exists of all the passengers on the ships, and ProGenealogists has said its list, at best, would be only be partial in regard to women and children and most likely never complete. Thus far, there is no proof that Katherine Bierly Waltman was on the ship, or that she wasn?t.

LaMance reported [26] that in the period 1725-32, four Bavarian brothers and a sister ? all named Bierly ? traveled to America. She said they left behind another sister, Katherine Bierly, the one who married Conrad Waltman. [27] Thcount that Conrad and Katherine traveled together may be correct, but it may also be possible that Katherine went to America with her brothers and met Conrad Waltman there. Perhaps later research will confirm that Katherine was on the Davy with Conrad. Perhaps it may also address the suggestion (in the next chapter) that Valentine Waltman, a son of Conrad and Katherine, was born a number of years before the 1738 sailing of the Davy, and the possibility that he may have traveled to America as a child. Currently, there is no record of Valentine either traveling to America or being born in America.

Waltman, Count Conrad (I8603)
6078 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

The Waltman Family Name. One component of this research is the tale (primarily from LaMance, true or not) of how the Waltman name was given to the family by a Bavarian count, Hiram von Frundsberg, in 1681. Walking on a path in the Black Forest, the story goes, Count Hiram is said to have encountered the three-year-old son of a Spanish count. Recognizing that the boy's life was endangered by political enemies of his recently murdered father, Count Hiram adopted the boy and called him Valentine Waldman -- "Valentine" because he was found on Saint Valentine's Day, "Waldman" because he was a "man of the woods." Over time the name was changed by some descendants to "Waltman." The boy grew up to be the founder of a large Waltman clan in America, estimated about 1960 to number more than 3,000. [11]

Other Waltmans' LaMance and several other genealogists gave the impression that this Valentine Waldman and his son Conrad were the main source of all the Waldmans or Waltmans in America. The first sentence in her book began, "Nearly evman is a descendant of one Valentine Waldman." Nevertheless, there is evidence of other lines. Indeed, one genealogist has written that "the name of Waltman or Waldman is and was very common in the south of Germany. Waltman is a very old name." A search of U.S. census reports for the name Waltman in the early 19th century reveals many people by that name, including immigrants, who seem not at all related to Conrad and his descendants.

U.S. census reports covering the years 1790 up to 1930, and the Social Security Death Index, both on the internet, show numerous lines of Waltmans with family members having been born in Europe. LaMance, however, suggested that the Wale in these cases had been chosen rather than inherited. She contended, proudly and rather arrogantly, and probably wrongly, that "it was not at all surprising that among the many millions of people in Germany, when the fashion of surname-taking came in like a flood, that more than one family, absolutely independent of any other family, should have selected the same family name, that of Waltman. It is a musical name and withal a poetical one, meaning a man of the woods."

The Line of John Emanuel Waldmann. Aside from the work that has been done on Conrad Waltman, one line that is well-studied relates to John Emanuel Waldmann, who was born on June 19, 1715, in Appenhofen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany. Details family are presented in part because Lora LaMance's book on the Waltmans confused some of the children of Emanuel, as he was known, with chidren of Conraad.
Family research showed that the father of Emanuel was Christoph Waldmann (1680-1743), who was born and died in the same German town. Emanuel was married in 1744 in Rheinland Pfalz, Germany, to the former Margaretha Beuerle (or Beuerlin) who was born about 1729 and died at the age of 57 on October 13, 1786. When he was 53, Emanuel, his wife and several children traveled to America aboard the Crawford, arriving in Philadelphia on October 26, 1768. The ship's passenger list showed the names of two of their older sons, George Jacob Waltmann and Johan Wilhelm (William) Waltman, but apparently the entire family made the voyage together. Emanuel settled in Lovettsville in Loudoun County, Virginia, about 30 miles from Washington, D. C. He died there in on February 13, 1784, and was buried with his wife in New Jerusalem Lutheran Church Cemetery, in Lovettsville. Some of his descendants remained in that area of Virginia, while others moved to the area of Bedford County, Pennsylvania, and some went further west.

The Conrad Waltman Story: Furstenberg Origins
According to the LaMance account of the Conrad Waltman origins, the House of Furstenberg was one of the great families of southern Germany in the Middle Ages, and had numerous castles and great riches. The Castle of Furstenberg in the Black Forest, about 13 miles north of Schaffhausen, Switzerland, was built in 1218 by a branch that called itself the Zahringen-Furstenbergs.

The Furstenberg name was used mainly by the Catholics of the family, while the Protestant members called themselves Frundsberg. Reportedly, there was also discord between the two family groups. According to LaMance, two brothers, Eiam Furstenberg, were both bishops of the Catholic Church and allies of Louis XIV of France, who was constantly seeking new territory. In an act said to be regarded as treason by the Protestants of the family, the two bishops in 1681 turned over to France the keys to the city of Strassburg, the Protestant capital of Alsace (which adjoined Bavaria). Although various accounts of the family used the names Furstenberg and Frundsberg interchangeably, in time virtually all people of both names disappeared. LaMance said this was partly because the family was not prolific, partly because they tended to get involved in wars, and partly because many of them married commoners, which meant that offspring of the marriages were not regarded as legitimate heirs.

By the end of the Thirty Years War, in 1648, according to LaMance, virtually the entire line of the Protestant Frundsbergs had died out. The only known exception was Count Hiram von Frundsberg, then probably only 10 years old. Althcism became the state religion of Bavaria after the war, the large Frundsberg estate there was regarded as a Protestant settlement and refuge. In 1652, the boy's guardian secured for him a large and elaborate Bible published in Wittenberg, said to symbolize Hiram's leadership of the Lutheran church in the area. In her 1928 book, LaMance said she was in possession of that Bible. In early 2006, the Bible was reported to be in a display case in the library of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, placed there by a descendant of LaMance.

The Child is Called Valentine. Count Hiram apparently married early, to a woman named Margaret, but they were childless, and the Frundsberg line appeared doomed. The LaMance story is that every Saint Valentine's Day, Count Hiram weild boar in the Black Forest with friends. On February 14, 1681, as they were returning from the hunt, they came upon a little boy, not quite three years old, in the middle of the road. Judging by the velvet and lace dress of the child, it appeared that this was the child of a noble. Hiram took the boy to his home and decided to raise him as his son. Hiram was 43.

LaMance said that Hiram immediately realized the identity of the boy. Spain at that time possessed Alsace, a wealthy Protestant area about the size of Connecticut, with Strassburg as its capital. Louis XIV wanted possession of Alsan was resisting. Spain had sent a certain Count Pedro to watch over the territory, and Pedro was succeeding. (Several researchers have said they believe Pedro's last name was "Ferrette.") [15] Because Pedro was "in the way" of Louis XIV, LaMance said that he "met with foul play." But also in danger was Pedro's son, who had been born on April 9, 1678.

It was probable, LaMance said, that the widow of Pedro, Countess Eleanor, hid the child for a time, but shortly a group of Bavarian noblemen friendly to Pedro "kidnapped" the boy in order to take him to safety and help him regain hisghts in Alsace; they spirited him into the Black Forest. The story of the kidnapping apparently spread, and thus Count Hiram had no difficulty identifying the three-year-?old boy who stood on the path in the Bavarian woods. In order to protect the boy's true identify, as well as to protect himself, LaMance said that Hiram swore everyone to secrecy, announced that he had adopted a child, and called the boy Valentine Waldman. (A parallel but less dramatic account is that the friendly kidnappers simply delivered the boy to Hiram, a known defender of Martin Luther and opponent of Louis XIV.)

In 1685, four years after Valentine was adopted, Hiram and his wife, both probably about 47 and childless for 25 years, had a baby girl; they named her Barbara, after a famous Frundsberg ancestor. In time, according to LaMance, Valen love with Barbara von Frundsberg. In 1710, when Valentine was 32 and Barbara 25, they married, and Count Hiram had to prove to local officials that they were not blood relatives.

Conrad is Born. LaMance said that five years later, in 1715, Valentine and Barbara had a son, Conrad Waltman, born in Bavaria. She said that Conrad had an older brother, Peter, who was the legitimate heir, but Peter was crippled anively young. However, Byron Waltman said there was no documentation for this. Little else is known about Valentine. LaMance said that he died in 1750, at the age of 72, on his wife's estate in Bavaria. She said Barbara died in 1762, at the age of 77.

NOTE: There is no document that says that Conrad Waltman was born in 1715, only the claim of LaMance that this story is correct. She also said she believed his wife, Katherine Bierly Waltman, was born in 1718 (and not in 1708, as written on her tombstone) [16] and that Conrad was three years older. In the absence of other evidence, this paper assumes that Conrad?s birth date was 1715.

However, other researchers believe that Katherine's tombstone is correct, that she was born in 1708, and that Conrad, if three years older, may have been born in 1705. The question about the dates of birth of Conrad and Katherine is considered further in discussion of the date of birth of their son Valentine Waltman, who may have been born as early as 1733. LaMance also claimed that Conrad lived until 1796 and died at the age of 81, but there is no evidence relating to his death or burial. 
Waltman, Valentine (I8610)
6079 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

There has been confusion about the date of Valentine?s birth and the name of his wife and children. LaMance claimed that Valentine was married to Catherine Bieber (or Beaver), and that they had seven children, including Peter Waltman (born in 1779). But LaMance had a number of things wrong. She said that Valentine had been about 20 when he married Catherine Beaver, which would have been about 1762 if Valentine had been born, as she said, in 1742. However, the Beaver family history indicated that Catherine wasn't born until 1761, and it is not likely she would have been married off when she was one year old.

The answer is in the burial record of Conrad Junior, quoted below, which shows that he was the one married to ?Catharina Bieber,? not Valentine. The Bieber family history, also made clear that Catherine Bieber had been married to Conran Jr., not to Valentine, and that Peter Waltman was one of her children. In fact, all known versions of the Waltman lineage agreed that the mother of Peter Waltman was Catherine Bieber, but they disagreed about the identity of Catherine's husband. Otherwise, there was agreement on many other facts about Catherine, including acceptance that upon the death of her first husband (whatever his name), she married a man named Sendel. Both Beaver and LaMance made the same point.

LaMance never accepted the corrections that were supplied to her by Rev. Schmoyer regarding Catherine Bieber and Conrad Junior. Her own copy of her book, which contained numerous handwritten corrections when she died, left unchanged her on that Valentine was the person who married Catherine Bieber, and it continued to exclude any reference to a Conrad Waltman Junior. In fact, she maintained the entire Chapter XVII of her book, on Valentine Waltman, as in the original, without a single penciled correction on these issues.

The Br 
Brucker, Catherine (I297)
6080 The Waltman Family of Northampton County, By Neil A. Boyer, 12 Jun 2009

Valentine Waltman lived in Northampton County. At one time, he owned property close to Zion Church in Kreidersville, and later he lived in the Schoenersville area, near the property known in 2007 as Lehigh Valley International Airport. He was a Second Lieutenant in the Revolutionary War and apparently was a leader of the Waltman family and of his community. There is dispute over when he was born. LaMance said it was 1742, and this date has been copied by some other students of the family. However, genealogist Hannah Roach and others thought it might have been before 1733, since Valentine?s first wife, Catharina Br 
Waltman, Lieutenant Valentine (I296)
6081 The wife of a former Dansville resident, Mrs. Wesley (Esther) Weidman, 47, of Wilmington, Del., died Friday (Aug. 14, 1964) in Wilmington General Hospital.

A service was held in the Westminister Presbyterian Church yesterday morning. Friends here may call at the Chamberlin Funeral Home from noon to 4 p.m. today. Graveside service will be conducted in Greenmount Cemetery at 4 o?clock this afternoon by the Rev. C. Dalton Scott.

Mrs. Weidman was born in Niagara Falls and had resided in Wilmington for the past several years.

Besides her husband, she is survived by a son, Verne W. Weidman, and three daughters, Emily Ann, Nancy Elizabeth and Frances Marie. (DB, August 18, 1964, p6)  
Esther E. (I37604)
6082 The wife of Jacob Hoffman died at Sandy Hill Sunday morning of consumption, aged 27 years. She leaves a family of six small boys. Her funeral took place at Perkinsville on Tuesday.
(The Dansville Express, Thursday, August 13, 1885) 
Schirmer, Mary (I46585)
6083 The will of former Attleborough resident John ADCOCKE of Great Ellingham, dated 12 October 1638, names (among others) “Stephen Payne my sonn in lawe” and grandchild Elizabeth Sutton.

.....Adcocke’s children were daughters Julian and Neele, baptized at Attleborough in 1598/99 and 1602/03, respectively. Rehoboth vital records list the death in 1660[/61?] of Neele Paine, wife of Mr. Stephen Paine, and the burial in 1678 of Julian SUTTON. On 3 June 1673 letters of administration were “graunted unto Julian Sutton, widdow, the late wife of John Sutton, of Rehoboth, deceased”. It is thus apparent that Neele Paine and Julian Sutton were sisters, both of them daughters of John and Elizabeth (Eldred) Adcocke. 
Adcocke, Julian (I2629)
6084 The Will of Thomas Newhall, dated 1 Apr 1668, received in Court 30 Apr
1674. "I bequeath my twelve acres of salt marsh to my son Thomas & my
son John Newhall, the six acres that my son Tho: shall have, is the 3
acres in Rumney Marsh neere the Iland, and the rest is a pcell lying
in the Towne marsh called Gaines his neck and an other pcell lying in
the Towne marsh adjoyning to my brother ffarrington.And the six acres
taht my son John shall have lyeth in the last devission in Rumney
Marsh, but if my son John shoud have noe child before he dieth then
the 6 acres I give to my son John, to returne to my son Thomas and his
heires forever but if my son John should have a
child or children, then the said 6 acres to be at his owne dispose
forever. I bequeath to my son Richard Haven his children 20 pounds to
be equally divided amongst them, namely betweene Joseph Haven, Richard
Haven, Sarah Haven, Nathaniell Haven and Moses this not to be paid
till they come to the age of 21 yeares: I bequeath to my son Thomas
Brownes his children 20 pounds, equally to be divided between them and
the 16 pounds which he hath already of mine in his hands to be pt of
this twenty pounds I give to his children. I bequeath to my two
daughters, susana Haven and Mary Browne each of them a pr of sheetes
and each of the two pillow beers. Alsoe I constitut and make my
lawfull and sole executor and to pfrom this my last will and
testament, my son Thomas Newhall. I doe alsoe bequeath to my son
Thomas Newhall his children 30 pounds and that this is my true will
and testament I have sett to my hand this first of aprill, 1668"
Witnesses were Thomas Laighton and Robert Potter and it was signed
with a large T the mark of Thomas Newhall ,Sen. The estate appraized
25 Apr 1674 at 173 pounds 1s. 7 1/2p. - old dwelling house barne, 6
acres of upland 12 acres of meadow - 95 pounds. 30 acres in the woods
30 pounds. Thomas had a brother Anthony also of Lynn. (Source:The
Newhall Family of Lynn Mass. - Waters - Detroit Lib.) 
Newhall, Thomas (I609)
6085 Their daughter married Royce E. Lord, of Bangor,ME, she wrote the
Genealogy info in the NEHGR vol.114, October 1960, titled [IT:Isaac
Clewley, Father and Son:IT]. 
Kenney, Frederick Ithamar (I8420)
6086 Thelma P. Dantz, 91, formerly of Clay St., Dansville, died Monday, Aug. 7, 2000 at the Livingston County SNF in Geneseo where she had resided since 1989. She was born in Dansville May 28, 1909, the daughter of the late John and Margaret Huver Pruner. Thelma was predeceased by her husband George H. Dantz on Feb. 17, 1979. Together, Thelma and George owned and operated Dantz Electric and Appliance on Main St. in Dansville from 1948 until 1985. Thelma was a communicant of St. Mary's Church and a former member of the Dansville Business Association. She is survived by her son and daughter-in-law John F. and Anne Dantz Sr. of Dansville; five grandsons, John Jr., James, Richard, Raymond and George Dantz, all of Dansville; special niece and nephews Sallie (John) Dellavilla of Rochester, Gary Recktenwald of Arkport and Robert Recktenwald of Gates. Thelma was predeceased by her sisters Suzy and Marion Pruner and brothers Bernard and Charles Pruner. Friends may call Thursday 2-4 and 7-9 at the Chamberlin Funeral Home, Inc., 73 Main St., Dansville. A funeral Mass will be held Friday at 10 a.m. at St. Mary's Church in Dansville with the Rev. Steven Kraus officiating. Burial will take place in Holy Cross Cemetery. Those wishing may make memorial contributions to the American Cancer Society, P.O. Box 7, East Syracuse, NY 13057-0007.
(GCE, August 10, 2000, p4) 
Pruner, Thelma Victoria (I13975)
6087 Theodore R. Linsner, 80, retired from Foster-Wheeler Energy Corp. in
Dansville, where he worked for 38 years, died Wednesday (October 31,
2001) at the Livingston County Skilled Nursing Facility in Geneseo.
Mr. Linsner had resided on Groveland Hill Rd. in Groveland.
He was born February 7, 1921 in Groveland, a son of Samuel and Selena
(Burns) Linsner. He was an avid sportsman and trapshooter, having been
a member of the Perkinsville Rod and Gun Club, and the Big Tree
Conservation League in Groveland.
He is survived by four sisters, Nellie Richmond of Dansville, Eunice
(Irving) Buchanan of North Carolina, Peggy Stanley and Joan Magee,
both of Groveland; four brothers, Warren (Dorothy) Linsner and Seymour
(Phyllis) Linsner, both of Groveland, Melvin (Jane) Linsner of Geneseo
and Larry (Elaine) Linsner of Livonia; a brother-in-law, William Lynn
of North Cohocton; a sister-in-law, Patricia Linsner of Clifton
Springs; as well as many nieces, nephews and dear friends.
Funeral services were held Saturday (November 3, 2001) at the
Rector-Hicks Funeral Home. Rev. Thomas Lebeau of the Groveland
Federated Parish officiated. Private interment was held in the
Lakeview Cemetery in Groveland.
Memorials may be made to the Groveland Fire Department, P.O. Box 49,
Groveland, NY 14462, or to the Geneseo Ambulance Fund, P.O. Box 428,
Geneseo, NY 14454. 
Linsner, Theodore Roosevelt (I17470)
6088 Theodore resided in Canisteo since about 1936. he had been employed
as a signalman and yard conductor for the former Erie Railroad for 35
years. Following his retirement, he owned and operated the Zenith TV
Sales and Service in Canisteo. Ted was also responsible for
originating Televison Cable Service in part of the Village of
Canisteo. He was a member of St.Paul's United Church of Christ in
Hornell and a member of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen Lodge
Sick, Theodore Franklin (I13592)
6089 Theodore was the son of Abraham "Abram" Leonard and Catherine King. Was Catherine a daughter of Harmonious King of Nova Scotia, Canada? In 1850 Theodore and his family were living in Catherine, Chemung Co., NY. By 1860 the family was living in Eulalia Township, Potter Co., Penn. In 1865 the family was in Howard, Steuben Co., NY - on that Census, Theodore's birth county was listed as Schuyler. By 1870 the family had migrated to El Paso, Woodford Co., IL, Theodore's paternal grandparents were living with them that year.

After Theodore was ordained a minister, he and his family moved frequently. 1880 found the family in Rochester, Monroe Co., NY. The family was in Friendship, Allegany Co., NY in 1892. In 1900 they were living in Binghampton, Broome, NY. On the 1900 Census they reported that they'd had 3 children, all of whom were still living. In 1905 Eugenie and Theodore were living in Fort Anne, Washington Co., NY. By 1910 they were living in Saratoga Springs, Saratoga Co., NY, with their son Frank, his wife Jessie and their daughter Zelma, age 1. In 1915 Theodore was living in Farmersville, Cattaraugus Co., NY. By
1920 he was widowered and his widowed daughter Mabel with her 3 children were living with him in Waterford, Saratoga Co., NY.  
Leonard, Reverand Theodore Stuart (I23099)
6090 Theory - Daniel is the father of Daniel Jessup Leek.

DNA Testing of Cathy Rundell (, confirms a 5th cousins match to James Milton Burdett. She is a descendant of Daniel and Hannah(Jessup) through son Amos Leek(Daniel's brother).

Leek, Daniel (I18461)
6091 There are three men most responsible for the development of the Crescenta-Canada Valley: Dr. Jacob Lanterman, Dr. Benjamin Briggs, and Senator Frank P. Flint.


Benjamin Bennett Briggs was in terrible shape when he arrived here in 1881. Years earlier he?d been shot through the lung -- the bullet still lodged in his chest, leaving him in constant pain. He was among the very first to head west for the Gold Rush, leaving the East Coast in March of 1849.

Near Salt Lake City, he and his brothers befriended some local Indians. While showing off their marksmanship, the 22-year-old accidentally stepped in front of his brother?s target.

The bullet ripped through his right lung and imbedded in his spine, the tip just visible under the skin. His journal entry for the day reveals a stoic personality. After describing the terrain and location he merely adds, ?Got accidentally wounded.?

In keeping with the medical practice of the time, he was bled. This complicated his condition, producing terrible sweats, fevers and chills. After a eight days the caravan moved on, leaving his brothers to tend to him.

Fearing they wouldn?t make the Sierras by winter, the Briggs brothers had no choice but to continue west and if need be bury him along the way. When they arrived in California, to their utter amazement, young Benjamin stood up.

His brothers worked the gold mines while he recuperated. With little to do but stare at the ground -- he became convinced that California?s soil would be perfect for growing citrus.

After some serious cajoling, he persuaded his brothers to collect the proper cuttings. This required not only the arduous journey back to the east coast -- but ocean voyages to South America and Spain, the latter in which to learn the raisin business.

Through painful trial and error -- and years of perseverance -- the Briggs brothers pioneered California?s fruit industry -- the first to plant citrus in the Sacramento Valley. George Briggs became one of the state?s first millionaires.

The Mission Padres had experimented with fruit growing before, but never on a large scale. The Briggs ranch in Santa Paula was so vast that visitors were cautioned to carry guns as flares since many a worker got lost overnight in the endless maze of fruit trees.

But a cloud followed young Benjamin. His wife Abby died of tuberculosis. Heart-broken and still suffering from his own lung injury, he abandoned the fruit industry for medicine.

He became obsessed with finding a cure for tuberculosis and other lung diseases. Over the years he earned seven medical degrees including one from the Heidelberg Academy in Germany which at the time led the world in tuberculosis research.

Despite a successful medical practice in Indiana, Brigg?s longed for a healthier climate. With his new bride (his wife?s sister) and his daughter Irene, he traveled extensively throughout Europe and America in search of the perfect climate. He found it in Rancho La Canada.

Tall, angular and bearded, Briggs reminded locals of the late President Lincoln and they took to calling him Old Abe. After moving here, Brigg?s health immediately improved.

Brigg?s purchased the entire western half of Rancho La Canada from Lanterman and Williams. He had the land surveyed and divided into ten-acre lots for sale as ranches. This included the future site of Montrose.

From his perch atop Pickens canyon, the mountains made crescent shapes -- so he named the area La Crescenta. Before that it had been called simply ?The Big Rocks?.

Brigg?s started the first school in the valley, the first town center, the first church, the first public park, and the first full-time medical practice. He also planted thousands and thousands of trees.

Briggs? daughter Irene had married the Reverend Lawrence Ward. For over 20 years, they were missionaries in the Islamic country of Persia, part of modern-day Iran. While on furlough, Briggs asked them start the first church in the valley. They formed the First Presbyterian church in Dr. Brigg?s home.

The church would later move to this cement structure on Foothill. A rare commodity in those days, Brigg?s bought the cement after it had been used as ballast on a ship from Germany. It was said to be the first cement structure in all of Southern California. The church would eventually move to its present location on Montrose Avenue.

Briggs accomplished all this in less than 12 years. When he was 66 he decided to have the bullet removed from his chest. It had been lodged against his spine for 44 years. Shortly after doctors extracted the lead ball, Benjamin Briggs died.

Col. Pickens and Dr. Briggs lived on the same piece of land for roughly the same amount of time -- during which the former chopped down an entire forest, damned up the canyon and forced others to pay him for the water -- while the latter planted thousands of trees, established a new town, and paved the way for future generations to move here.

All that honors the memory of this extraordinary man is the name of the street which once led up to his home.

Briggs, Doctor Benjamin Bennett MD (I28452)
6092 There are two William Havens in Hector in 1855 - one is born c1831 farmer, owner of land and his mother Alma is living with him - both have been in town 15 years. The other is born c1832, single and a hired man, born in the town.
The 1860 census, there is only one William Havens, married to Mary A. Francisco and has two children; Eugene and Harriet. He later has a son Frank and in Frank's marriage record states his father, William, was born in Hector - this leads me to believe the 1860 Hector William is not the farmer William Havens of 1855. I shall attempt to find out what happened to William and his mother Alma in by 1860.  
Havens, William (I42896)
6093 There is a John Ewart of Springwater in 1850 aged 72 and wife Jane aged 78????? Ewart, John S. (I12642)
6094 There is a Lydia Webb Fish, of Sparta, who died in 1875, naming children; Eliza Bellows, Jane Pieffer, Hugh Fish, George Fish, Harriet Swartz, Adeline Spicer, and William Fish. The Will was dated 1858. Webb, Lydia (I41713)
6095 There is a reference "English Sirnames" that provides some information
on the Patch name. Some names cited are Seman Pac or Pach died in
1177/8, Nicholas Pache from Oseney i 1248, Henry Patche from Bec c
1248, and William Payche from SRSF in 1327. Pache is from pasches
(Easter or Passover, the Hebrew holiday). It apparently was often
given to anyone born around Easter time. It was used as a first name
in the early days and then became a surname eventually. Other
variations are Pack and Pach. Another source has the birth as 1528;
maybe the William Payche and this person are the same. Still another
record suggested that the name was indeed Payche. The same
information can be found in the "New Dictionary of American Family
Names" by Elsdon C. Smith.
Some additional comments from Greg Patch in Australia on the above are
as follows. The earlier records from Meare and Westbury sub-Mendip
have 'Pache' and 'Pach' also occurs. There is also a 'Patchway' in
Bristol and 'Patching' in Sussex that are derived from the Saxon
'Paecc,' which apparently means "plot of ground," hence "cabbage
patch" etc. He adds to the debate with "It's something that will be a
source of speculation as to whether we are the descendants of fools
(as in the Shakesperrean foole) or of someone born at Easter."
William may have had a daughter Jane; however, it seem more likely
that this Jane (in the AF records) was confused with the Jane Patch
(maiden name unknown) that was the wife of Nicholas, William's son.
In the AF these two Jane's appear essentially the same. Without
further research in England, this question remains unresolved. The
Parish Registers of South Petherton show that he was buried.
A recent listing from Greg Patch in Australia has a d. Elizabeth.
This has been added, but there is no verification available.
Still another suggested date b, 6/15/15614 from Lorraine Zigman.
Doris Amsbury 's book indicated that research on the original records
by Robert Rankin showed the NEHGR records of 1917 are one year in
error, which could account for the many 1 year differences found in
subsequent citations. 
Patch, William (I15019)
6096 There is a Sarah Ewart living with Harvey in 1850 census aged 82. Smith, Sarah (I12631)
6097 There is always much confusion with Marie Madeliene's daughter Marie
Anne Bouchard De Serre who married Pierre Roy. Marie Anne Bouchard De
Serre was born on 17 June 1700 and baptized on the 18th of June. There
is a marriage contract for her parents, Francois De Serre and Marie
Madeleine Bouchard by Notaire Roger dated Sept 22 1699. According to
TANGUAY compliment I, page 57. There is a note 72 at the bottom of the
page. Note 72 reads: Le mariage n'a pas eu lieu. (Pere Geo.
Desjardins, S. J.) which means The marriage never took place, (Father
Georges Desjardins, S. J. ) 
Bouchard, Marie-Madeleine (I17907)
6098 There is an ancient village in the canton of Zurich, Switzerland known as Oberholz. It is situated near Wald in a Swiss valley, next to a ski lift which rises to a height of 4,350 feet above sea level. The inhabitants of this village were known as Oberholtzers. The village name signified that it was on an "upper wooden slope," or, as some descendants would say, "over the hill.

Zurich became a Permanent Part of the nation of Switzerland in 1351 when it joined the Swiss Defense League, which was organized by people living in the beautiful valley and mountains of the region. Being tired of oppression by outsiders who sought to control the mountain passes connecting Italy and Germany, they unified and successfully drove the foreigners from the area.

The Oberholtzers have a long history of residence in the canton of Zurich. Julius Billeter, a Swiss genealogist, recorded some Oberholtzer births in the Wald area from as early as 1531, with the birth of Niklaus Oberholtzer. Within the next twelve Years the following Oberholtzers were born there: Hans, Niklaus, Jacob, Ullrich, Heinrich and Christian.

The city and canton of Zurich was the birthplace of the Reformation which began under the work of Ulrich Zwingli. The city of Zurich accepted various reforms in 1523, resulting in the Reformed Church becoming the official state church. The Anabaptists, or Weider-taufer, meaning to be baptized again, separated from Zwingli in 1525, resulting in Years of persecution, including the death penalty. For this reason some of the Oberholtzers could not remain in the beautiful mountains and valleys of scenic Switzerland.

From the research of Jane Evans Best we learn of a family headed by Mattheus and Annli (Stroler) Oberholtzer of Wald, which was located in the mountains east of Lake Zurich. The mother was reported to be an Anabaptist. Also at Wald were the parents named Jakob and Annli (Cuntz) Oberholtzer 
Oberholtzer, Marti (I38978)
6099 There is no record of his marriage. Israel was a Trooper in 1671. It
is believed that he died in King Phillip's War. 
Packard, Israel (I779)
6100 There was a letter from Delia to Henry Kiehle during the Civil War stating she was 'very sorrowful over the death of her brother, Marion. She would seem to have been a very lively girl' Kiehle, Delia Ann (I35434)

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